Diseases of the lower extremities afflict modern man at almost every step.
What are varicose veins?
Let's take a closer look at what varicose veins in the legs are. Varicose veins in the legs are a fairly serious disease, the main signs of which are the loss of elasticity of the veins, their curvature and stretching. In addition, many other adverse factors have a negative effect on the vessels, which leads to their weakening, and blood begins to stagnate in the lower extremities.
The venous system of the lower extremities is increasingly stressed and the venous valves begin to work poorly. This leads to rapid leg fatigue, pain and swelling. Subsequently, the symptoms of the disease of the veins of the lower extremities show visible effects to the naked eye, for example, a kind of "spiders". If you do not respond, the disease can lead to serious complications of varicose veins in the lower extremities.
The danger of varicose veins of the lower extremities is also that it is extremely problematic to detect them in the early stages. The initial stages of the disease are not accompanied by easily identifiable symptoms, but if you begin to feel pain in the legs, fatigue and cramps appear, you should immediately take measures to prevent venous diseases of the lower extremities.
If a "network" of vessels is already visible on the legs, which is becoming more and more pronounced over time, urgent measures must be taken to treat CVD. In very advanced cases, the initial treatment of patients is carried out when on both legs there are already whole ones"Bundles" of prominent trunk veins are clearly visible. They can then become blood clots and ulcers that can take decades to treat.
It is not absolutely proven that varicose veins are transmitted at the genetic level, but the development of the disease is often observed in relatives of different generations.
The most serious complication of varicose veins of the lower extremities is thrombophlebitis, in which a blood clot forms in the vein.
The disease is characterized by inflammation that can cause a blood clot to detach from the vessel wall. And this is the cause of thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries, namely, a detached blood clot when it gets into the pulmonary vessels, clogging them and disrupting the respiratory system. With such an unfavorable course of events, the risk of death is high.
Causes and symptoms of varicose veins
According to various medical luminaries, varicose veins on the legs develop under the influence of many factors, but some main aspects can be identified with certainty:
- the most important of them can safely be called inheritance. If one of your loved ones, for example, parents or grandparents, had varicose veins in their legs, then the risk that the disease will not pass you by is extremely high. It is worth noting that the place where your relatives were diagnosed with the disease does not matter;
- In addition to hereditary factors, generally unfavorable working and living conditions and the presence of bad habits play a major role. More precisely, they include sedentary work or, conversely, work associated with lifting weights, fashionable but uncomfortable clothes and shoes, self-disregard and laziness in visiting a phlebologist;
- For women, the risk time is pregnancy. During childbirth, changes occur in a woman's body that can cause varicose veins. Not only the increasing weight of the expectant mother and changes inside her body, but also the birth process itself, when the venous load reaches its peak, has an enormously negative effect on the vessels. It is noted that in half of women at this moment varicose veins that did not previously cause discomfort are manifested.
On specialized sites on the Internet you can see photos of how varicose veins in men and women on the legs negatively change a person and what ignoring the problem looks like. Many people ask themselves the question: "What to do with varicose veins? " Below we will talk about the main methods of treating and preventing the disease.
The first and earliest symptoms that indicate varicose veins of the lower extremities are as follows:
- feeling of heaviness in the legs, especially after a long walk or uncomfortable shoes;
- moderate pain after a day's work;
- increased human fatigue.
These signs are somewhat similar to other diseases - flat feet, problems with the arteries and lumbar osteochondrosis. That is why it is important to consult a vascular specialist in good time, since self-treatment without a correct diagnosis is often fraught with unpleasant consequences.
Methods of diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities
To diagnose varicose veins of the lower extremities, you need to consult a specialist who will prescribe you a number of necessary tests and procedures.
We emphasize that varicose veins on the lower extremities are not just a cosmetic defect, and if even slight discomfort appears, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The effectiveness of the entire treatment process depends on how early the disease is diagnosed. To detect varicose veins, a phlebologist can refer the patient to a Doppler ultrasound to identify the quality of blood flow in the vessels, as well as the presence of obstacles in its path. The second method of diagnostic measures is transillumination, which consists in highlighting the veins on two legs with a special light that allows the doctor to easily see damage. Timely detection of the disease is the key to faster and less complicated treatment.
In the conditions of modern reality, medicine offers several options for treating varicose veins in the legs. Damaged sections of the veins in the leg can be surgically removed and generally do not require surgical intervention in the early stages of lower extremity varicose veins. We will look at the most commonly used:
- Ointments, gels and various preparations called venotonics. At the initial stage of the disease, they have a positive sedative effect, relieve heaviness in the legs, but it should be understood that the results obtained require a long exposure time. Active ingredients penetrate the body through the skin and only affect superficial veins. For greater efficiency, the specialist prescribes drugs aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, improving blood circulation and reducing pain;
- Another method is sclerotherapy. This medical intervention is aimed at "gluing" small vessels and getting rid of "spiders". The doctor injects a drug into the vessel, which "solders" the vessel walls, so to speak, which subsequently leads to the formation of a cord, and the stuck vein dissolves over time. The procedure does not require anesthesia and the entire procedure takes no more than 15 minutesminutes.
- The method of laser coagulation is used to close large vessels. Local anesthesia is used for the procedure. It occurs by inserting an LED into a vein in the leg that emits laser radiation that heats the blood cells that brew the vessel. The healed area also resolves over time;
- In some cases, surgery - phlebectomy - may be prescribed. Now this is one of the most effective ways to get rid of varicose veins in the lower extremities. The patient is allowed to go home the very next day after the procedure, but must follow certain measures. This includes wearing special underwear or having your legs bandaged for a month.
- Ozone therapy is one of the newest methods of treating varicose veins of the lower extremities. Its main goal is the fight against vascular "asterisks". A small needle is used to inject ozone into the damaged area on two legs, causing the vessel to clog. A few interventions are enough to notice the positive dynamics.
Prevention of varicose veins
The main and unchangeable rule for the prevention of varicose veins on the legs is exercise. With a sedentary lifestyle and work, it is necessary to get up and warm up at least every hour, ideally - to go for a walk. In the absence of such an opportunity, at least stand and roll from heel to toe.
If prescribed by the doctor, do not neglect to wear special compression clothing. If the weather conditions are not conducive to wearing knitwear, it is recommended to carry out the evening hardware electromyostimulation procedures. To do this, you can buy a special device in almost any pharmacy.
If you have to take a flight, a simple self-massage of your legs can help your veins get through it. Tap, pinch, and rub lightly to "disperse" blood and clear clogs.
We can advise fashionistas not to overdo it with "hairpins". If your life cannot do without them, then try to prioritize and, if possible, give preference to more comfortable shoes in the office or on the street. For the female body is 4 cm highHeels ideal, high heels lead to an unnatural arch of the feet and provoke malnutrition of the toes, which also provokes varicose veins on the fingers.
Also, do not neglect the old method of hardening, if it is difficult for you to stand completely under an ice shower, then you can limit yourself to dousing your legs, which will have a beneficial effect on vascular tone.
Listen to the signals your legs are giving you and take timely and systematic action to prevent varicose veins. This increases the likelihood that you will never have to resort to surgery. And from the veins you feel only reliability and health.