Varicose veins in the uterus: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Abdominal pain in a woman with uterine varicose veins

Varicose veins of the legs are a pathology that many modern people know firsthand. Almost every third woman of childbearing age is confronted with it. But such a diagnosis as "uterine varicose veins" can cause anxiety and confusion in any patient. After all, this disease is very rare and little known. In addition, this disease is difficult to diagnose, since it often proceeds almost asymptomatically.

varicose veins of the uterus

What is that

Varicose veins of the uterus (see photo above) is a disease in which the walls of blood vessels become too thin, long and inelastic. Many people think that this can only happen with the legs, but in reality, that's not the case at all. In fact, varicose veins can develop in any part of the body that has blood vessels running through it.

Surprisingly, uterine varicose veins are diagnosed quite often, but despite their prevalence, they carry a great danger. Usually this defect occurs with a mild clinical picture. In addition, its signs are often perceived as symptoms of diseases of the reproductive organs, which only aggravates the situation due to the lack of necessary treatment.

Often the pathology can be detected only during pregnancy. After all, during this period, a woman's body undergoes the most thorough and detailed diagnostics.

The reasons

Various conditions can lead to the disease. Among them, experts identify several main causes of uterine varicose veins.

  • Hormonal imbalance. The female body is constantly exposed to an increase in vital elements with each menstrual cycle. In addition, hormonal disorders often occur during menopause and pregnancy, as well as when taking oral contraceptives.
  • Regular abortions.
  • Pathologies of the reproductive organs. The greatest danger comes from diseases that occur over a long period of time without appropriate treatment.
  • hereditary predisposition.
  • Frequent Birth.
  • carrying a large child.
  • Anomalies of a congenital nature related to the vessels of the uterine cavity.
sedentary work as a cause of uterine varicose veins

risk group

Among other things, under the influence of such diseases, the probability of developing uterine varicose veins increases significantly:

  • Obesity;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • Bad habits;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • an enlargement of the organ itself.

During pregnancy, this disease occurs against the background of the release of progesterone into the bloodstream. This hormone can reduce not only the tone of the reproductive elements, but also the walls of blood vessels. As a result, due to disturbances in the outflow, they are oversaturated with blood and greatly stretched.

It is noteworthy that the pathology can involve other organs of the genitourinary system. Less commonly, varicose veins of the cervix, ovaries and even the external reproductive organs are diagnosed.


Usually the signs of uterine varicose veins are mild. In addition, they often resemble manifestations of inflammation, due to which the true pathology simply goes unnoticed.

Most often, the disease is detected during pregnancy, since at this time the organ is subjected to the greatest load, which contributes to the rapid progression of the defect. Usually the first symptoms of uterine varicose veins are:

  • pain in the lower abdomen, which aggravates or appears after physical exertion and intimacy, can be given to the lower back;
  • abnormal change in the menstrual cycle - the discharge becomes too scarce and its duration increases;
  • there is increased sensitivity of the vagina;
  • During the birth of a child, the disease manifests itself as a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen.
Pain in the lower abdomen with uterine varicose veins

By the way, many women take the last symptom for the onset of preterm labor.

Usually, the disease is extremely difficult to identify from symptoms. Precisely because of the diagnostic difficulties, the treatment of uterine varicose veins is often delayed. Because of this, many women face complications of this disease.

Varicose veins in the uterus pose a great danger, as the thinned and expanded vessel walls can be injured and torn. Against the background of these processes, anemia occurs. In addition, this disease can cause complications during childbirth and labor.

Varicose veins of the uterus have an erased clinical picture, while they threaten a woman's health. Finding him is always extremely difficult, so you should use all kinds of investigations and go through them as carefully as possible.


It is simply impossible to make a diagnosis of "varicose veins in the uterus" only on the basis of a gynecological examination and the collected anamnesis. After all, all the specific manifestations of this disease are unusual. Doppler ultrasound examination is recommended for detecting intrauterine varicose veins. This procedure makes it possible to carefully examine the condition of the vessels in the uterus and determine the presence of the disease. In addition, the patient may be prescribed auxiliary examinations:

  • Laparoscopy;
  • CT scan of the pelvic organs;
  • selective ovariography;
  • phlebography.

Among other things, the presence of endometriosis, postoperative neuropathy, deviations in the localization of the uterus and inflammatory processes in the intestine should be ruled out. In other words, it is very important to conduct a differential diagnosis. After all, the symptoms of the described conditions are very similar to the manifestations of varicose veins.

You can choose the appropriate treatment regimen only after passing a full diagnosis.

Varicose veins of the uterus - what to do

In the treatment of this disease, both conservative and surgical methods are successfully used. Two specialists are simultaneously involved in solving such a problem: a phlebologist and a gynecologist.

Conservative therapy involves the use of:

  • platelet aggregation inhibitors;
  • venotonic agents;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

It is worth noting that during the birth of the baby, all the proposed drugs are contraindicated. Thus, therapeutic exercise is recommended to the patient during pregnancy. Also, women are shown in compression underwear at this time.

Swimming with varicose veins

After completing drug therapy, the patient should maintain a healthy lifestyle. It is imperative to give up bad habits and provide the body with full physical activity every day.

In addition, the treatment of uterine varicose veins involves a balanced diet. During the period of therapy, it is very important to replenish your daily menu with the maximum amount of fruits, vegetables, bran, fermented milk components, as well as foods rich in iodine. Compliance with the drinking regime is also shown. Also, the diet includes the rejection of fried, fatty, smoked and spicy foods, confectionery and other sweets.

Food for varicose veins

How to treat uterine varicose veins? In addition to a diet and taking medication, a woman is recommended to go swimming, regularly take contrast showers and participate in lymphatic drainage massage. All of these procedures significantly speed up the healing process.

other treatments

In some cases, uterine varicose veins can be an indication for surgical intervention. Usually specialists resort to surgery with a sharp progression of pathology. During the surgical intervention, damaged vessels are completely removed and replaced with special prostheses.

Laparoscopy for varicose veins

Varicose veins of the uterus can also be treated laparoscopically. During this procedure, the integrity of the skin is not violated, only small punctures are made, through which damaged veins are removed. At the time of endovascular X-ray surgery, the process is fully controlled with the help of special equipment. Catheters are inserted into the vessels.

In some cases, drug therapy is combined with folk recipes. A good result in the fight against varicose veins can be achieved with the help of horse chestnut, kombucha, dandelion and other medicinal plants. But they can be used only after consultation with the gynecologist.

Pills for varicose veins

characteristics of birth

When a woman has varicose veins of the uterus during pregnancy, a quite logical question about childbirth always arises. In such cases, the patient can be assigned both a cesarean section and a natural birth. The final decision always rests with the doctor. In general, the situation depends on the degree of neglect of the pathology and the presence of a threat to the life of both mother and child.


To prevent the appearance of varicose veins, you should adhere to a healthy lifestyle, eat right and try to keep the body with normal physical activity. If there is a risk of developing the disease, you should contact a specialist who will help you choose the right venotonic means.

Varicose veins are considered a very serious pathology. Therefore, when a disease appears, it is very important to treat it in a timely manner in order to prevent the development of all possible complications.

Exercises for varicose veins during pregnancy


As already mentioned, uterine varicose veins are considered a dangerous disease that proceeds almost asymptomatically. Because of this, this defect often leads to various complications. Most often, against the background of varicose veins, women face such complications:

  • disorders in the menstrual cycle;
  • placental insufficiency;
  • venous thrombosis;
  • thrombophlebitis.

Some women believe that pathology is a contraindication to intimacy. In reality, however, this is not the case: it is possible to have sex if it causes no discomfort. But regarding the use of oral contraceptives, it is worth consulting a gynecologist. As a rule, such drugs for varicose veins are strictly prohibited. Therefore, in order to avoid all sorts of complications in the future, you should choose another method of contraception.