How to choose and wear compression stockings for varicose veins

Orthopedic stockings for varicose veins are able to pull the protruding veins through mechanical pressure. Thus they act like an outer corset. Why is there this pressure? The fact is that when a vein shrinks to an almost normal size, the blood in it does not stagnate and circulates faster. The direct result is:

  1. Reducing the risk of blood clots.
  2. The load on the vascular wall from inside the vein disappears, which inhibits the development of venous insufficiency.
  3. The function of the multi-way venous valves is retained.
  4. Due to the normalization of blood circulation, the appearance of the legs improves - dryness and swelling disappear.
  5. Wearing compression stockings relieves pain and heaviness in the legs.

compression stage

Currently, the generally accepted standard Ral-GZ 387 has been developed, followed by manufacturers from different countries. It offers 4 levels of compression.

Compression class 1 - the minimum compression level is 18-22 mm. rt. Art. These are special stockings needed to prevent the first signs of varicose veins. They do not have medicinal properties, but they can significantly relieve the condition of the legs even in healthy people of certain professions who are forced to stand or sit for a long time.

Such prophylactic stockings must be bought by pregnant women. In fact, during the birth of a child, the total volume of blood circulating in a woman's body increases. In addition, the load on the legs increases significantly due to the increase in body weight.

Stockings of the 1st compression class are useful for all pregnant women to prevent varicose veins!

Class 2 compression with a pressure of 23-32 mm. rt. Art. These varicose vein stockings are used to treat varicose veins with the following symptoms:

  • varicose veins;
  • venous pattern;
  • heaviness and pain in the legs;
  • slight swelling in the ankle area in the afternoon;
  • night cramps.

Varicose vein stockings on the legs of the 2nd compression class appear significantly tighter. They already differ significantly from ordinary hosiery.

Stocking compression level for varicose veins

Compression stockings after surgery should have 3 classes of compression with parameters of 34-46 mm. rt. Art. They can be purchased only by appointment with a phlebologist. Uncontrolled wearing of such stockings can lead to a significant deterioration in the condition of the veins.

Only a doctor can determine the need to use medical devices of the 3rd degree of compression and issue an order - in what situations and for how long to wear such knitwear.

Elastic knitwear 3 compression classes are required for:

  • postthrombotic syndrome;
  • severe edema associated with lymphovenous insufficiency;
  • with varicose veins with trophic manifestations;
  • Stockings help in the postoperative rehabilitation period to prevent the occurrence of thrombosis and hematoma.

An even more serious medical device are stockings and tights of the 4th compression class. The distributed pressure in them is more than 49 mm. rt. Art. It is very difficult to put on such tights on your own. Special mechanisms are used for these purposes. Stockings of this compression class are prescribed for lymphodenoma and severe anomalies of the venous system.

Where and how to choose a quality product

The success of the treatment largely depends on the right parameters. But the market for medical stockings is large.

Here are a few tips for choosing compression stockings:

  1. For stockings of 2-3 compression classes, a referral from a phlebologist is required.
  2. Medical compression products should be selected in specialized orthopedic salons.
  3. Picking up compression stockings for varicose veins will help a specialist - an employee of the salon. He takes measurements - the girth of the ankle and thigh. These parameters are important in determining the size of the product.
  4. The correctly selected size of the product will bring relief to the patient and immediately relieve pain.

There are men's stockings and women's versions of products. They differ in design and anatomical features. Men's stockings with antiseptic properties are widespread and popular.

Mycosis of the feet and nail plates is not a contraindication to wearing compression products. You can choose elastic stockings for varicose veins with an open nose, which are equally suitable for both men and women with fungal diseases of the feet.

The degree of compaction must be indicated in the prescription, since it is impossible to determine the required amount of compaction "by eye". Can I choose an orthopedic product myself? No, an incorrectly chosen degree of compression can either not have the right therapeutic effect, or have the opposite effectto have.

The cost of the product cannot be too low. Be prepared for a cheap product to have a less than presentable appearance. In addition, a good knitwear lasts much longer - about six months with daily wear. Cheap analogues can lose their compression properties after a few washes.

How to wear, wear and care

Not many buyers of compression stockings are aware that putting on such stockings is not easy. It requires some knowledge on how to do it properly.

The general rule for using medical knitwear of any compression class is to put on such products in the morning without leaving your bed.

The peculiarity of underwear does not allow you to wear them like regular stockings or pantyhose. First the product has to be applied. Then combine the product's paragraph with your own paragraph. Then, with frequent movements, gradually turn the stocking on the front side so that it fits snugly on the leg.

Some use medical gloves to prevent damage to the product.

In order to maintain the elastic properties, orthopedic knitwear must be cared for. Care consists of washing the stockings by hand every day with normal laundry soap. Dry them away from heating devices.

The duration of wearing medical knitwear should be determined by the doctor. If we talk about preventive use, you can wear the stockings every day and take them off at night. Owners of varicose veins should be prepared to wear stockings all the time.

Doctors in other fields use orthopedic products and put them on the patient immediately after the operation. The doctor decides how long the stockings should be worn after gynecological, abdominal and spinal surgery. However, if the patient does not have vascular problems, they can be removed as early as the 21st-30th day.

The special porous machine knit for the production of compression products ensures good skin ventilation and allows them to be worn even in the hot season. However, at temperatures above 20°C, wearing stockings and stockings is very problematic due to the "greenhouse effect". In hot weather, it is better to use elastic bandages.

Possible contraindications

Compression tights and stockings are indicated for patients with all forms of venous insufficiency. However, not everyone can wear tights and stockings against varicose veins. This is a medical jersey bought by prescription. Like any medical product, varicose veins have indications and contraindications for use.

Age is not a contraindication to wearing anti-varicose vein products. However, one should keep in mind that wearing compression class II and even more so III products can be quite a challenge for the elderly. Therefore, elastic bandages are often the topic of choice for them.

Therapeutic stockings for varicose veins are contraindicated in such cases:

  1. Blood pressure in the legs below 80 mm Hg. Art.
  2. Trophic ulcers requiring frequent dressing changes.
  3. Allergic contact reactions.
  4. Any skin infection, such as erysipelas.
  5. diabetes mellitus.
  6. cardiopulmonary insufficiency.

Compression products are necessary for any form of varicose veins. However, in order to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, it is necessary to carefully study all the features of using medical stockings. Fight for the health of your feet, because the desire to change the situation for the better is already half the battle!