A circulatory disorder in the pelvis can cause painful changes in the blood vessels in the uterus, ovaries, and vagina. Varicose veins of the reproductive organs are sometimes referred to as pelvic vein congestion syndrome.
The blood in the human body returns to the heart through the venous vessels after one complete revolution. To help get the blood up the body, the leg muscles come to the heart to help. When you walk, the leg muscles contract and this extra muscle pump helps increase blood flow. There are valves in the vessels that regulate the movement of blood in one direction - up, not down, towards the legs.
Valve disease causes varicose veins in the legs. In addition, the vessels on the genitals become varicose due to valve overlap and backflow of blood in both superficial and deep veins in the female pelvis or thighs. It can occur during pregnancy or as a result of abnormal blood clotting called deep vein thrombosis.
During pregnancy, a woman's blood vessels in her pelvis dilate. It is necessary to increase blood flow, and the increasing weight of the fetus also contributes to its expansion. In addition, hormones relax the walls of the veins, which contributes to the formation of varicose veins in an intimate place. After a child is born, the blood vessels return to their normal state, but varicose veins may remain in some women.
Varicose veins of the genital organs often lead to vasodilation in the thigh, on the inside of the leg.
Women who are genetically predisposed or obese are at greater risk of developing varicose veins.
Genital varicose veins occur in 10% of pregnant women, more often in the second trimester. The causes of varicose veins:
- an increase in the weight of the uterus, which puts pressure on the vessels in the pelvic area;
- increased levels of estrogen and progesterone, which cause the veins to relax;
- Weight gain.
There are several reasons for developing male varicose veins:
- physical movement;
- passive lifestyle;
- Eating disorders and bad habits.
The main cause of the vast majority of varicose veins in the genital area or in the legs is reflux in the pelvic veins: ovarian, internal or iliac veins. In order to prescribe the correct treatment, you need to know which vessel is affected.
The main symptom of the disease in both men and women is pain. The reasons that affect the increase in pain intensity:
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases of internal organs.
Varicose veins of the genital organs, their symptoms can have a different picture depending on who develops them, men or women.
Irritated veins around the ovary and in the pelvis sometimes affect the bladder and rectum. Syndromes, manifested in this case:
- a feeling of pressure and heaviness in the genitals;
- Swelling in or near your genitals;
- increasing pain after intercourse;
- the appearance of spider veins, nodules in the genital area.
Increased hormone production during menstruation or pregnancy can make venous disorders worse.
Swollen vessels can affect the perineum and make walking difficult. In some women, varicose veins of the genital organs contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.
The male penis has a light blue tint due to the superficial location of a large number of veins. It is normal for them to protrude a lot during sexual arousal. If there is a change in color, density or their appearance, this indicates the development of pathologies, for example, varicose veins on the genital organ.
The first visible symptom is a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the penis. On it appear nodules, bumps that increase over time. Other signs are:
- Pain, discomfort during exertion or erection;
- Burning sensation during intercourse;
- Swelling of the veins on the penis, swelling;
- punctual bleeding and small blood clots.
Enlarged veins are sometimes caused by varicocele, swelling and swelling of the vessels.
Further stretching, deformation of the veins, prolonged congestion of blood can lead to ischemia and sclerotic changes in the testicle. Autoimmune aggression can also develop, which manifests itself as a decrease in spermatogenesis, leading to infertility.
Treatment and prevention
Women can also treat the pathology at home, since varicose veins of the genital areas often disappear within 1 month after the child is born.
Doctors often recommend:
- application of ice or heat to the area of the varicose veins;
- the use of supportive maternity underwear such as compression and support stockings;
- Sleeping in a lying position on your left side during pregnancy to relieve pressure on the vena cava;
- Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
If varicose veins on the genitals do not go away a few months after giving birth, surgical methods are used.
The most common:
- Venous embolization. The restoration of normal function of the blood vessels is carried out with a catheter and a guide.
- Sclerotherapy. During the surgery, a solution is injected into a vein that blocks blood flow and relieves pain and swelling.
- Surgical measures with radio waves, lasers, etc.
Genital varicose veins are sometimes treated by injecting foam into the veins with guided ultrasound.
Preventive methods of varicose veins:
- avoid long periods of sitting or standing;
- do not wear high-heeled shoes all the time;
- sleep with your hips raised to avoid congestion;
- do not overcool;
- maintain vascular tone with special exercises.
Poor blood circulation can lead to deep vein thrombosis when blood clots burst and travel through the blood vessels. Vascular thromboses with varicose changes in the genital organs are rare. However, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the veins. If there is pain, redness, and swelling in the genital area, see a doctor.
In some women, the pathology leads to a chronic state of pelvic vein congestion.
Home treatment with ice, heat, and nonsteroidal drugs can help provide temporary pain relief. Timely surgery will help get rid of varicose veins.