Prevention of varicose veins

healthy legs and prevention of varicose veins

Preventive measures can be aimed at preventing the development of the disease or inhibiting the progression of the pathological process.

In the initial stages of the disease, you should not give preference to compression underwear, elastic stockings or just tight socks, which will leave marks on the skin after wearing them. The use of compression is only effective in preventing the problem from worsening, and if it is not present, the compression can trigger the mechanism behind the development of the disease by squeezing the blood vessels and disrupting the flow of blood within them.

To avoid this problem, the following rules must be followed:

  1. Weight control;
  2. Rejection of bad habits;
  3. Regular gymnastics (jogging, running);
  4. Avoidance of heavy physical labor;
  5. Prevent constipation and normalize digestion.

4 directions for preventing varicose veins

If the pathological process of varicose veins has already formed, then several rules must be observed in order to prevent relapse, inhibit the progression of the disease and prevent the development of complications:


Doing gymnastics in the morning after waking up, before getting up, you need to prepare your legs for the stress ahead. Lying in bed, you need to bend, stretch and circle your legs and do the "bicycle" exercise. The last exercise can be done with two legs at the same time or alternately. Exercises should be done 2 times a day for 5-10 minutes to relieve swelling and improve blood flow.

After getting out of bed, stand on your toes so that your heels are at least 2 cm above the floor and then drop sharply. Lifts are performed 60 times in one approach, preferably up to 5 times a day.

At every opportunity to lie down, you need to use this for the next warm-up of the legs. Lift 1 leg in a horizontal position and shake it vigorously while relaxed. Repeat the same with 2 legs. The exercise is performed 10-20 times, several times a day. As often as possible.


From clothing, elastic underwear - knee socks, stockings, tights or elastic bandages must be worn lying in bed before an upright position is assumed. Bandages should be overlapped, starting at the foot and moving up. Compression (tension) of the legs with an elastic material compresses and reduces the diameter of the superficial veins, preventing their further expansion, preventing reflux, normalizing venous outflow and lymphatic drainage, preventing the development of edema.

Clothing, like shoes, should be comfortable - not straining or pinching the body. You should avoid tight jeans, tight belts and nylon stockings. Capron increases the sweating of the skin and causes itching. With frequent scratching, there is a risk of infection and therefore phlebitis can develop - one of the complications of varicose veins.

The heels of the shoes are no higher than 3-4 cm, if you have flat feet, don't forget the insole instep supports.


Vacation lovers need to travel to know that problematic veins are very sensitive to climate changes and changes in air pressure. So when deciding where to stay, you need to choose a region with a climate identical to that of your hometown.

The best recovery for the blood vessels in your legs is walking. When walking, various muscle groups are alternately tensed and relaxed, and in connection with this the blood flow is increased for the rapid supply of the working tissue with oxygen and nutrients. Walking is therefore not only about preventing venous congestion, but also strengthening the vein wall by restoring its elasticity. For this reason, it is necessary to regularly organize small walks before going to bed as a break.


Do not eat or minimize your intake of the following foods:

  • greasy;
  • Sweet;
  • Flour.

Substances that lead to the expansion of the vein walls:

  • Marinades;
  • Jellies;
  • Canned food;
  • rich meat broths;
  • smoked meat.


  • Caffeine is a powerful stimulant that affects heart function by increasing heart rate and cardiac output. This increases the load not only on the heart, but also on the blood vessels and reduces their elasticity. the intake is limited to 2 cups per day, it is advisable to dilute with plenty of milk.
  • Ethyl alcohol promotes vasodilation, slows down the speed of blood flow and, if ingested in excess, leads to poisoning of the body, which leads to fluid retention in the body and its deposition in tissues, ultimately causing blood to thicken and thrombosis.

Salt and salty foods. Salt has the ability to draw water from surrounding tissues into the bloodstream, increase the volume of circulating blood and increase the load on vessels by stretching their walls, all of which leads to the formation of venous congestion.

Prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy

To prevent the development of varicose veins during pregnancy, you need to follow a number of rules:

  1. Move more. If work requires physical inactivity, light warm-up exercises should be done to improve blood circulation. Also, if you have the option to go up the stairs instead of taking the elevator, then you must take advantage of that.
  2. It's a good idea to run, swim, or ride a bike regularly.
  3. It's a good idea to regularly do primitive exercises (cycling, shaking, scissors) that will improve venous return and reduce the risk of developing varicose veins.
  4. A contrast shower not only improves blood circulation, but also strengthens the vascular wall;
  5. Do not take a warm bath as it relaxes the veins and causes venous congestion.
  6. In the morning after waking up and at the end of the day, in order to achieve a good outflow of venous blood, it is useful to do a self-massage in the form of stroking the entire surface of the leg, from the foot to the groin.
  7. To deal with stress. Participating in relaxing treatments, taking herbal remedies or medication with the appointment of a neuropathologist;
  8. A teaspoon of honey at night and morning tea with ginseng or lemongrass normalizes the functioning of the nervous system and the work of the heart;
  9. In a sedentary lifestyle, it makes a lot of sense to empty the venous vessels by raising the lower limbs above body level. When lying down you need to put a roll under your feet, while sitting you can simply put your feet on the table;
  10. The best place to sleep is on the left side. In this position, it is possible to prevent compression of a large vein located in the right half of the body and to prevent an increase in pressure in the venous bed, especially in the leg veins;
  11. You should not sit cross-legged, as this position squeezes the superficial veins and reduces venous outflow;
  12. Sunbathing can be harmful to you too. Ultraviolet rays can destroy the weak walls of blood vessels and give the skin a characteristic pattern. In addition, overheating also has a negative effect on the state of vascular health. In this context, it is worth not only to avoid sunburn, but also to relax in the sauna.
  13. Avoid high heels, beautiful uncomfortable tight shoes and occasionally go barefoot, for example at home. This allows you to stretch the surface of the feet like massage manipulations and improve microcirculation.

Diet for the prevention of varicose veins in pregnant women

To improve the synthesis of proteins that improve the tone of the walls of blood vessels - collagen and elastin, it is necessary to eat foods rich in vitamin E:

  • Legumes (beans, peas);
  • germinated grains of rye and wheat;
  • Lenses;
  • Egg yolk;
  • Chives;
  • Oil (soybeans, olives, corn);
  • Liver.

To increase the synthesis of proteins that normalize the work of the heart muscle - collagen and myofibrin, it is necessary to give preference to foods rich in vitamin C:

  • Potatoes;
  • Sweet peppers;
  • Gooseberry;
  • Dog rose fruit;
  • sea buckthorn;
  • Strawberry;
  • Tomatoes;
  • Citrus fruits;
  • Dill, parsley.

Compotes, desserts, jams made from foods rich in vitamin P that help strengthen the vascular wall:

  • Lemon;
  • Blackberry;
  • Walnut;
  • Grapefruit;
  • Tea;
  • Rowan.

Copper is also involved in the synthesis of elastin:

  • Mussels;
  • Oysters;
  • Shrimp;
  • Lobster;
  • Crabs;
  • Octopus;
  • Lamb kidneys;
  • Beef liver.

Fiber stimulates the intestines and is a great prevention against constipation. Therefore, high fiber foods prevent varicose veins from developing:

  • all fruits, especially plums;
  • all vegetables;
  • Bran;
  • You can buy fiber as a medicine from a pharmacy and add it to food.

To prevent increased blood viscosity and thrombus formation, consume large amounts (up to 2 liters) of certain types of fluids:

  • Juices;
  • Kvass;
  • Compote;
  • Fruit juice.

Bioflavonoids help break down blood clots and make it easier for blood to pass through the vessels:

  • dark or sour cherries.
  • Blueberries and other dark berries

If the examination reveals venous "nodules" on the skin, it is necessary to contact a phlebologist or surgeon and observe the entire pregnancy and several months after the birth. In the absence of pregnancy, you can resort to traditional medicine and maintain the condition of the veins with the help of various herbs, for example: nettle, white acacia, hops, kalanchoe, chamomile and much more. This type of treatment is perfectly combined with drug therapy and will help you recover from surgical interventions.