At least 20% of this proportion of adults are affected by varicose veins. The risk of developing the disease increases with age, and more than half of those over 50 live with altered blood vessels.
Why there are so many: Most of them simply don't see a doctor at the first symptoms of varicose veins. They do not consider this pathology serious and treat it as a cosmetic problem. Few handle it. But even they, too, often only use folk recipes to relieve the symptoms of the disease.
A little later we will talk about common recipes for varicose veins at home. But let's first assess the pathology itself. The better people understand the causes and risks of varicose veins, the easier it is for them to overcome them.
The circulatory system consists of arteries, veins and capillaries. The blood is oxygenated in the lungs and transported through the tissues by the arteries. It returns to the heart through the veins.
Unfortunately, there is one serious obstacle in the way of blood flow - gravity. When the blood rises through the veins of the legs, gravity constantly pulls it down, which is why the vessels often overflow. As a result, their walls expand and can change.
In healthy veins, this threat is neutralized by the valve system. This is the name of the membranes in the vessels. They work on the principle of the double doors - they only open to the heart and do not let the flowing blood through. Varicose veins often develop in people with weakened or damaged valves.
Studies have shown that the following factors increase the likelihood of vascular changes:
- Older age
The body's cells are constantly being renewed. This process is quick in youth, but slows down in old age. Therefore, in the elderly, the organs are often worn out and work poorly. This also applies to flaps. After many years of exposure, the membranes gradually weaken and poorly stop blood flow. In patients over 60 years of age, the vessels therefore often overflow.
Doctors found that valve system weakness is often transmitted from parents. However, this factor is not critical. The likelihood of developing varicose veins depends on how many close relatives are affected by this pathology. For example, if the father or mother is sick, the risk does not exceed 60%. If both parents have altered blood vessels, their children will become victims of varicose veins 90% of the time.
The higher the weight, the higher the load on the valves. In addition, an increase in body weight leads to an increase in blood volume. In women weighing 50 kg, for example, around four liters of blood circulate, in patients weighing 100 kg the amount increases to eight liters, and constant pressure weakens the valves. Therefore, obese people are more likely to develop varicose veins.
- Sedentary lifestyle
The blood flow in the veins depends not only on the condition of the valves, but also on the contraction of the muscles. They constrict the blood vessels and push the blood upwards. When a person sits or stands still for several hours in a row, blood congestion often occurs in the veins. Vessels expand under pressure. Salespeople, hairdressers, teachers and office workers are at risk from varicose veins.
Blood circulation in the veins is often disturbed in women during pregnancy. First, they gain weight. That is, the blood volume and pressure on the walls of the blood vessels increase, followed by hormonal imbalance. According to some studies, changes in hormone levels can reduce the elasticity of the vein walls. They stretch easier under pressure and the fetus is even more dangerous for the blood vessels. In the final trimester, the child grows so large that they sometimes squeeze the adjacent veins. Their lumen decreases and the load on the vessel walls increases.
As you can see, the likelihood of varicose veins depends on genetics, lifestyle, age, and health status. That is why it affects so many people. However, this pathology is chronic and gradually develops without exacerbations. At the zero stage of varicose veins, the work of the valves is disrupted, but the first signs of the disease have not yet appeared.
Then there are external and internal symptoms:
- Linear, tree-like, or spider-like patterns on the skin
- Heaviness in the legs;
- Burning sensation;
- Night cramps;
- Itching around the veins;
- Discoloration of the skin next to diseased vessels;
- Severe pain at the beginning of walking;
- Twisted, dilated veins.
Without treatment, the signs of pathology intensify. Edema is a striking example. In the early stages of varicose veins, they occur rarely and only when the legs are heavily stressed. Swelling appears in the evening and disappears in the morning. For some, this problem becomes a permanent symptom and doesn't go away even after you sleep, but the usual signs of varicose veins aren't fatal. Yes, they reduce the quality of life. But sometimes people live to old age and get used to altered veins.
Complications only occur in rare cases:
Since varicose veins are stretched, they can be easily damaged in the event of a fall or high internal pressure. The result is a bleeding wound. With this complication, it is important to call an ambulance as soon as possible. If the bleeding is not stopped in time, the person can die. Adults who have lost more than 20% of their blood volume within a few hours need a transfusion. Blood loss often leads to coma in 30% and death in 50%.
- Blood clots
Blood arrest in altered vessels sometimes provokes the growth of blood clots. These are dense blood clots. They build up on the walls of the veins and slowly shrink the lumen of the vessels, increasing the pressure. In rare cases, blood clots enter the bloodstream. Such debris migrates up the veins and can get stuck in the lungs or heart. In this case, pulmonary embolism develops, which can lead to respiratory failure and death.
- Trophic ulcers
The stagnation of the blood causes it to overflow into neighboring tissues. However, we are talking about venous blood. There is no oxygen in it. But arterial blood with oxygen does not reach the tissues, causing them to slowly die. First, the affected skin area darkens. Then a bright spot forms in the center, where an ulcer can develop. Trophic lesions are difficult to heal because they will reappear if their cause is not eliminated.
People with varicose veins rarely experience complications. Most often, doctors diagnose them with trophic ulcers, which affect three to six percent of patients. Treating varicose veins at home will not help. With such problems, you need to contact a specialist, where we will finish the conversation about the disease and describe the folk methods of treating varicose veins.
This option for treating varicose veins at home involves the use of leeches. It has long been used in medicine. Hirudotherapy is mentioned in the historical sources of ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. It has been used in diseases of the heart and joints. Leeches saliva contains enzymes and biologically active substances that thin the blood and reduce the risk of blood clots. The blood circulation improves at the bite site. How useful are they for varicose veins. Leeches have no influence on the cause of the symptoms and cannot restore the normal function of the valve system. That is, they are not suitable for treating altered veins, but hirudotherapy is not entirely useless. Since the risk of thrombosis increases with varicose veins, the use of leeches helps to counteract this threat. They also weaken the symptoms of the disease - reduce swelling and blood congestion. It is important to know that treating lower extremity varicose veins at home using this method is very dangerous. If the patient has trophic changes, leeches can cause a skin infection or even necrosis. It is important to consult a doctor before starting hirudotherapy. Only a vein specialist will determine how safe this procedure is for a particular person.
Massage with essential oils
Some types of massage reduce swelling and other symptoms of varicose veins by improving blood flow. Sometimes massage therapists use geranium, sage, frankincense, and cypress oils. This will amplify the effects of the procedure and help fight inflammation.
Does the massage remove altered blood vessels? No, at best it just alleviates the symptoms of the disease. In addition, massage is not safe for all patients with varicose veins. The fact is that the dilated vessels are very fragile and any strong impact can damage them. Therefore, before performing a massage, you should consult with a phlebologist about the risks of such an intervention. Sometimes the massage goes without complications. But even in this case, it is impossible to remove varicose veins at home. This procedure is only suitable for prevention and not for the treatment of altered vessels.
Exercises against blood congestion
To fight varicose veins, you can use exercises in the supine position - bike and scissors. In this position, blood flow to the patient's legs is improved. Gravity does not interfere with the movement of blood, which flows easily from the feet to the heart. The load on the valves is reduced. Therefore, swelling, pain, and burning in the blood vessels in humans go away. Unfortunately, even if you exercise for several hours a day, the valve system does not recover. So you cannot cure varicose veins with exercise. Doctors recommend doing such workouts at least three times a day for 15-20 minutes. This is particularly useful for patients for whom the symptoms of the disease are very uncomfortable, because exercise only delays the development of varicose veins. Without full treatment by a phlebologist, the pathology will not go away and continue to affect people's lives. Doctors recommend doing exercises to prevent altered veins and worsening symptoms of the disease. The main thing is not to forget to consult a doctor.
Many people believe that with the help of infusion of this plant, varicose veins can be cured at home. Let's try to find out how true this is: prepare the tincture - collect the chestnuts, peel them and insist on 200 ml of vodka for two weeks. Keep the liquid in a dark place. Tincture should be taken 30 ml three times a day after meals for a month. Therapy sessions can be repeated every two weeks How useful It is believed that horse chestnut tincture tightens blood vessels, improves blood circulation, and thins blood. As you can see, not a word about venous valves. That is, in any case, such a composition simply reduces the manifestations of the disease, but does not eliminate its cause. In addition, the tincture is not always safe for internal use. Doctors do not recommend it for people with liver and kidney diseases, as well as gastritis. Applied externally, however, it is harmless. Contrasting baths with horse chestnut tincture improve blood circulation in the veins and improve their elasticity.
Pine bark extract
This is the name of a herbal remedy that is often recommended for patients with varicose veins. It relieves swelling and cramps. Doctors even conducted a study comparing pine bark extract to compression stockings. It turned out that the folk remedy fights the symptoms of varicose veins better than special elastic underwear. So it can also be used at home to remove varicose veins? Unfortunately, no. Research shows no effect of this natural remedy on the valve system. Suppose it actually relieves the symptoms of the disease. Swelling and cramping will stop the distressing patient. But if you do not use the extract for a long time, then the signs of pathology will return. The use of dubious folk recipes only prevents a person from seeing a doctor in time and starting full-fledged treatment. First and foremost, it is important to make a diagnosis. After that, the patient can consult with a phlebologist about the use of pine bark extract. For example, to prevent varicose veins.
Garlic compress< [>Everyone knows the benefits of garlic. It helps fight bacteria, improves bowel function and carbohydrate metabolism. Some people consider it to be some kind of universal remedy for all occasions. Including varicose veins, first of all prepare a mixture of the following components:
- Crushed garlic;
- Fresh pressed orange juice;
- Two tablespoons of olive oil;
It turns out that a composition must be infused in a closed container for 12 hours. After that it is ready to use. The mixture must be rubbed into the affected areas of the legs daily with light massage movements. It can be washed off immediately or put down with cotton gauze overnight. The effectiveness of this method of treating varicose veins at home has not been scientifically proven. In the best case scenario, the symptoms of the disease will subside slightly. However, a garlic compress will not help to get rid of altered blood vessels, so you should not wait for the pathology to intensify and cause dangerous complications - consult a phlebologist at the first signs of varicose veins.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Rumor has it that apple cider vinegar isn't just for salads and marinades. It turns out that he also treats varicose veins. Anyway, some people think so, and their opinion is about the composition of apple cider vinegar, which includes the following components:
- B vitamins;
- Citric and lactic acid;
- Vitamins A, C and E.
These substances sometimes stimulate blood circulation, improve the condition of blood vessels, relieve swelling, itching and pain. Vinegar should be used when massaging the feet. But what about the actual results? Even the authors of the recipe are unsure whether this method of treating varicose veins of the lower extremities at home will be effective. They write that it will "possibly" eliminate the diseased veins. As you can see, there are no guarantees. At the same time, this recipe is cheap compared to horse chestnut tincture. At least we're talking about external use here. This way the vinegar does not damage the vessels. But instead of a ghostly hope of recovery, it is better to immediately make an appointment with a phlebologist and choose an effective method of treating veins.
Another popular theory is that varicose veins can be defeated by changing your diet. This is not true. Some foods are useful in preventing the disease and relieving its symptoms, but they do not cure the veins. For example, the following foods improve blood circulation: and reduce vascular stress:
- Sweet peppers;
- Green tea;
- Brussels sprouts.
But even with 5 kg of oranges a day, the state of the valves does not change, clogging is dangerous for the veins. This increases the pressure in the vessels, which puts additional strain on the valve system. To counteract this threat, it makes sense to consume foods rich in fiber:
- White rice;
- Green pea;
This food does not heal veins either. It only reduces the pressure on the vessel walls and the risk of hemorrhoids.
Laundry soap and clay
These substances have an antibacterial effect and are used by some to combat trophic lesions. On the one hand, it reduces the risk of infection, but it's not that simple: Soap and clay dry out the skin, which can lead to itching in patients. As a result, people are more likely to scratch their skin, causing scratches and other damage. This allows bacteria to penetrate the tissue more easily. We recommend that you use such remedies for varicose veins only after consulting a doctor at home. The specialist will suggest safer methods of combating germs.
Now this substance is very popular. It is recommended for sleep problems and dieting, but it is harmful to altered veins. Chicory worsens the tone of blood vessels, as a result of which they become more stretched with blood pressure. Therefore, doctors advise against using it even in the early stages of varicose veins. Chicory will only accelerate the development of the disease.
What is lacking in folk remedies
In conclusion, we considered several recipes for varicose veins at home, but none of them guarantee the elimination of altered veins. Despite all the beneficial properties of such substances, they do not affect the valves. So, the reason for the stagnation of the blood remains, but this is not the only problem with the use of folk remedies. Some use them with medication, making it difficult to fight varicose veins. For example, a person takes phlebotonics to improve vascular tone and chicory. That is, two substances with opposing properties fight in his body that neutralize each other. The next problem is toxicity. While natural substances are helpful in small amounts, overdosing them can cause additional problems. Too frequent treatment of trophic lesions with clay or soap can cause severe itching. As you can see, even folk recipes are sometimes dangerous. Therefore, they should be used after consulting a doctor. In addition, it is important in any case to consult a doctor, because only he will thoroughly examine the veins and make an accurate diagnosis. Only modern methods of treatment will completely eliminate the altered vessels. But how do you choose the best operation?