Varicose veins thin the walls, expand their lumen and form lumps. All veins can turn into varicose veins, but more often the disease affects the legs. The cause is related to the position of the body in an upright state, which leads to an increase in pressure on the veins in the lower half of the body. Some people feel the discomfort of having pain in their veins. Without treatment, this leads to rather difficult problems.
The most common treatment for this disease is venectomy. This surgery involves mechanical stretching of the veins, which are widened through incisions in the skin. In the hospital, specialists also offer alternative methods of non-surgical treatment of varicose veins, which can be used to get rid of pathological changes in the leg veins.
The causes of varicose veins
Varicose veins are a fairly common disease, and their treatment has been practiced for a very long time. During this period, the reasons for this pathology could be reliably determined:
- excessive physical activity;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- Abuse of bad habits (smoking, alcohol);
- Injuries that led to vascular damage;
- Disorders in the work of the endocrine system and organs of the digestive tract;
- unbalanced diet;
- Lack of vitamins and minerals;
- individual features in the structure of the vascular system;
- Time of child's birth;
- genetic predisposition.
Basically, the reasons for the development of varicose veins are the same in women and men. The manifestation of the disease is possible both on the legs and hands. Hospital specialists will explain how to cure varicose veins without surgery.
Diagnosis of varicose veins
You can understand that the disease develops on its own because varicose veins have noticeable symptoms:
- When moving, a feeling of heaviness can be felt in the leg area.
- painful sensations in the legs, which may also be accompanied by a burning sensation;
- Cramps in the lower limbs may occur during rest.
- Edema forms after a busy day;
- The expansion of the veins can be seen visually.
- the appearance of nodes in the veins;
- Darkening of the skin;
- when palpated, the veins have a tortuous structure;
- Lethargy and fever can be added, indicating a complication of the disease.
The presence of at least one of the listed symptoms indicates the development of severe pathology. An accurate and qualified diagnosis of varicose veins can be carried out in the hospital using modern equipment. Specialists conduct a comprehensive examination, which will not only diagnose varicose veins and their stage, but also determine the general condition of the body. Diagnosis begins with a medical exam and survey. After consultation, he usually prescribes the following examinations:
- Doppler sonography;
- Vascular ultrasound;
- Biochemical screening.
The data from these studies allow the doctor to assess total vascular damage, if any. Specialists also use complex bio-resonance diagnostics. It allows you to get the most complete picture of the patient's condition and prescribe the most effective non-surgical treatment for varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Methods of treating varicose veins of the lower extremities without surgery
Only an integrated approach to the treatment of varicose veins without surgery will help get rid of the pathology. Treatment of veins without surgery should include a full lifestyle correction:
- Sports exercise;
- Compression effect on the affected areas;
- Drug therapy;
- Home remedies;
- Minimally invasive methods.
Hospital doctors recommend starting treatment with lifestyle adjustments, getting more exercise, walking, exercising, or exercising at home. Running and swimming with swollen veins is considered very effective. It is also necessary to revise the usual diet. Greasy and fried foods, hot spices, carbonated beverages, alcohol, baked goods, and sweets should be removed. Fill the diet with vegetables, fruits, fruit drinks, cereals, drink clean water. It is recommended to eat seafood: seaweed, shrimp, squid, clams. They are rich in copper and it has a beneficial effect on the condition of blood vessels, strengthens them and restores their elasticity. It is necessary to establish a diet so that dinner is served no later than 4 hours before bedtime. The food should be taken in small portions. The hospital nutritionist calculates the required nutrition, taking into account all the individual characteristics of the patient.
In part, compression underwear determines how veins can be removed from the legs without surgery. It puts pressure on the legs and thereby restores normal blood flow in the vessels. Depending on the location of the process, different types of compression underwear are used. These can be tights, stockings and knee socks. Orthopedic clothing is also used to treat varicose veins without surgery. It is offered in different classes and models, which differ in terms of compressive strength. The hospital specialist, after determining the degree of the disease, determines what type of pressure is required. Such products are also recommended for the prevention of the development of the disease. The need to wear compression stockings is also determined by a specialist. They usually wear it in the morning without getting up and don't take it off until they go to bed.
How to cure varicose veins on the legs without surgery
When treating leg veins without surgery, hospital specialists use drugs from the group of venotonics. These include drugs such as Troxerutin, Rutosid, Escin, Sodium Heparin, Diosmin. They are usually used in the form of creams, but they can also be in the form of tablets or ointments. Anti-inflammatory drugs and blood thinners are also prescribed for pain, local fever, and hyperemia. All of the above drugs are used exclusively as directed by a doctor, since the choice of a drug and dosage depend on the characteristics of a particular patient and the degree of neglect of the disease.
Removing veins without surgery involves cutting the skin and gives a good result in the fight against the pathology of the veins in the legs. These methods of treating lower extremity varicose veins without surgery include:
- Sclerotherapy. This method involves injecting a special solution called a sclerosant into the lumen of the vein. It causes adhesion and inflammation of the vessel from within. The blood is channeled into healthy veins and sclerosed vessels disappear over time. Varicose veins without surgery can be treated with this technique for small veins affected by varicose veins that are just below the skin. This method significantly improves the appearance and condition of the leg. Foam sclerotherapy is used on large veins. Before the drug is injected into a vein, it is first turned into foam. It covers a large area and is safe for the lumen of the blood vessel. This manipulation can be repeated several times if necessary.
- Endovascular laser obliteration. This implies the action on the walls of blood vessels with very powerful laser pulses, under the influence of which coagulation of the vein occurs. This method is used to remove spider veins and small veins. The device sends the strongest pulses of light through the skin, they close the lumen of the subcutaneous vessels and lead to their disappearance. The procedure does not involve injections or skin incisions. The technique is designed for the treatment of patients with the first manifestations of varicose veins. Several sessions are usually required.
- Radio frequency ablation. This method consists of exposing the area of the vein to radio frequency radiation. A wire catheter is inserted into the lumen of the vessel under ultrasound guidance, which enables the effect of radio frequency energy on the vein wall. The catheter runs from the groin to the knee. The wall of the vein thickens, heats up, and blocks the lumen, causing it to disappear. The results of this procedure are monitored over several weeks.
- Intravenous laser ablation. This method is similar to the previous one, but uses laser radiation instead of radio frequency energy. A laser fiber is inserted into the lumen of the dilated vessel and closes its lumen.
Laser and radio frequency treatments are widely used in the hospital to treat deep veins with varicose veins. They can recommend how varicose veins can be removed without surgery in such cases:
- The disease manifests itself with cramps and pain in the legs;
- All previous measures have failed;
- Inflammation of the veins;
- Blood clot formation;
- The formation of convulsive ulcers;
- The fatty tissue under the skin hardens.
In the hospital, the treatment is carried out in the doctor's office under local anesthesia. The patient is awake. The doctor uses ultrasound to visualize the vein. The doctor treats the leg with a disinfectant solution. When the catheter is inserted, the patient may feel a slight tingling sensation or pressure as the sclerosant is injected. Protective glasses must be worn when the doctor uses laser radiation. Laser or radio frequency ablation is usually not painful. Elastic bandages are applied to the legs. They are designed to prevent possible complications such as bleeding or swelling of the legs. It is recommended to wear them for up to several days. Hospital experts recommend avoiding physical activity for about 10 days. Paracetamol is prescribed for pain relief. Some drugs, such as aspirin, are banned because it interferes with the blood clotting process. The patient should limit the use of hot baths and replace them with a cool shower.
These procedures are relatively safe and allow you to answer the question of whether it is possible to cure varicose veins without surgery. However, these procedures also involve certain risks.
Treating varicose veins without surgery is a very effective way to get rid of this disease. The risk of complications is extremely low. After the treatment, the normal appearance and condition of the skin will return. There is practically no sign of any adverse effects. There is a risk of recurrence, but wearing compression stockings greatly reduces the chance of recurrence. It is necessary to properly follow the recommendations of the attending physician in order to avoid the risk of relapse.
Sometimes after treatment there are still areas with dilated veins on the legs that cannot be removed without surgery. Whether varicose veins can be treated without surgery in this case, answer the hospital specialists, who can offer such interventions that are not very traumatic and are very similar to treatment without surgery. Such treatments are also carried out under local anesthesia and on an outpatient basis. And qualified hospital staff will provide the patient with everything necessary and create the most comfortable conditions for treatment. Reviews of varicose veins without surgery testify to the excellent results of patients after hospital treatment. You can make an appointment with a specialist in the hospital by calling the 24-hour helpline.