Varicose veins rarely develop during pregnancy. Many women think that varicose veins are a must when carrying a baby, but it is not. The main reason for the appearance of varicose veins in the abdomen is due to constipation. As the baby grows, in almost all women, blood circulation in the body deteriorates, since the organs are displaced upwards, but the pathology of the vessels develops for other reasons. Next, we will talk about what to do with varicose veins on the legs during pregnancy and how to avoid the occurrence of this disease.
Symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy
Perineal varicose veins during pregnancy can only be noticed by a woman in the early stages. One of the symptoms of the disease is hyperemia of the labia. After 4-5 months, when the abdomen begins to actively grow, it will be difficult for a pregnant woman to examine her perineum. If we talk about limb defeat, then first the spider veins appear. The following symptoms of the disease may occur in women:
- Change in pigmentation of the skin of the legs;
- body swelling;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- Tingling in the limbs.
The symptoms depend on which part of the body is affected by varicose veins. When it comes to legs, there are all the standard symptoms that people experience in a normal state. If the pelvic organs are affected, the woman will show symptoms of gynecological diseases, that is, pain in the lower abdomen. As the disease progresses, bleeding from the vagina may occur.
Types of varicose veins during pregnancy
Varicose veins during pregnancy can manifest themselves in different ways. The nature of the disease determines the method of treatment and further prognosis. Inguinal varicose veins are common in women during pregnancy. A patient complains of a feeling of dilated veins in the groin when they see a doctor. Small pelvic varicose veins (VVVMT) occur during pregnancy when a woman has a genetic predisposition to the disease.
Most often women develop varicose veins on their legs. It is usually present before pregnancy, but the pregnancy process speeds up its development. Varicose veins of the vagina are also common forms of this disease. Doctors track genetic influences here. Also, if the grandmother and mother had this disease, the woman is 95% likely to show it.
Causes of occurrence
The causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are diverse. First of all, among all the factors that affect the occurrence of this disease, there is a genetic predisposition. Without them, the development of varicose veins is impossible. Under the influence of hormones, a lot of changes occur in the body of the expectant mother. The muscles relax under the influence of progesterone. This substance has a similar effect on the vessel walls. In varicose veins, the villi of the placenta break off due to vasoconstriction. Bleeding occurs and the patient must be urgently admitted to hospital. The reasons for the development of the disease are:
- Increased pressure in the veins.The blood in pregnant women begins to flow faster. This is necessary to provide nutrients to the developing fetus. This condition contributes to the accelerated wear and tear of the entire vascular system.
- tendency to thrombosis.Before giving birth in the last trimester of pregnancy, the blood thickens. If a woman's health is okay, it will not have any negative effects on the body. Problems start when varicose veins are diagnosed. The increased formation of blood clots is a danger to a woman.
- Lack of exercise.Many women stop exercising after finding out they are pregnant. Often this happens with the filing of gynecologists, who argue that pregnancy cannot be sustained without restricting physical activity. In fact it is not. Exercise is important for pregnant women in order to maintain muscle tone and cardiovascular function.
Varicose veins in pregnant women can be diagnosed by a phlebologist or gynecologist. It all depends on how the disease manifests itself. If a woman constantly feels pain in the legs and notices edema in herself, then it is better for her to consult a phlebologist. Varicose veins from NGOs (external genital organs) can be diagnosed by a gynecologist. In any case, you need to undergo an ultrasound scan. An ultrasound scan helps determine the condition of the vessels and veins near the surface of the skin. If you suspect varicose veins, the pregnant woman will be referred for the following types of diagnosis:
- Coagulogram.A woman's blood is taken and then tested for clotting. This analysis will help prevent thrombosis from developing.
- Complete blood count.Used to find out how many platelets a woman has in her blood.
- Doppler sonography.If doctors suspect deep veins are affected by varicose veins, the patient will be referred to assess the type of vascular blood flow. This examination method is similar to ultrasound, but involves a more detailed examination of the vessels and veins.
How are varicose veins treated during pregnancy?
The disease can complicate the entire pregnancy. Therefore, treatment should be started immediately after diagnosis. Standard methods of relieving varicose veins are not suitable for women in position. Treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy is aimed at normalizing blood flow and preventing the development of thrombosis. The main task of the doctor is preventive measures. Walking helps normalize blood flow. Women with varicose veins are often prescribed:
- gels, ointments and creams that have a toning effect on blood vessels;
- heparin preparations;
- phlebotropic agents.
Women who are thinking about how to treat varicose veins during pregnancy should also completely rethink their diet. Fatty and heavy food is not only harmful to the figure, but also to the circulatory system. Incoming lipids provoke the production of bad cholesterol, which increases the risk of thrombosis. Medicines may only be used with the approval of a doctor.
Creams, ointments, gels
Not all creams and ointments available in pharmacies can be used to treat varicose veins during pregnancy. Some substances can harm the condition of both mother and child. Therefore, it is possible to buy and use drugs only after consulting a specialist.
This type of clothing is recommended for all pregnant women. The growing baby puts heavy strain on the veins, blood vessels and spine. To reduce this, you can start wearing first degree compression knitwear from the first few months of pregnancy. At a later stage, you should contact a specialist to determine the required degree of compression. Compression underwear from varicose veins for pregnant women has the following differences:
- There is an elastic bandage on top of the tights / leggings that supports the stomach.
- Things are made of fabrics that are very breathable.
Many women wear stockings during pregnancy. Unlike tights, they don't put pressure on the stomach and are easier to put on. In pharmacies you can buy classic models of stockings with silicone rubber, open toes or corset belts. Choosing a particular model of compression underwear depends on the comfort of the woman. If it is convenient for them to try them on, it can be bought.
Due to a hereditary predisposition to varicose veins, doctors recommend that pregnant women reduce the exposure. However, it is not worth completely excluding physical exercise, as it contributes to the normal flow of lymph and blood, which increases collagen production and the elasticity of blood vessels. A bad lifestyle has a negative impact on pregnancy. This is especially true of the food culture. Avoid eating foods that are high in fat during pregnancy with, or predisposed to, varicose veins. Pregnant women are contraindicated:
- is in the sun for a long time;
- take a very hot shower or bath;
- visit the bathhouse, the sauna;
- , to resort to cosmetic procedures that injure the skin.
Few women think about the dangers of varicose veins during pregnancy. Standard forms of the disease that do not affect the reproductive system can provoke thrombosis in a woman. This disease in and of itself does not pose a threat until the blood clot breaks off and enters the circulation. In the worst case, the patient dies.
With varicose veins of the uterus, women often cannot become pregnant or give birth to a baby. Some girls often have spontaneous abortions early. One of the complications of this pathology is the rupture of the vein and the development of extensive bleeding. Women with varicose veins often have premature births because the placenta begins to move prematurely.
Prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy
Prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy is complex. It is necessary to remove the load from the legs as much as possible. This means that a woman should not be in a static position for a long time. And that means not only standing upright, but also sitting in front of the television or computer. Every 30-40 minutes you need to get up and warm up. Preventive measures for varicose veins in pregnant women include:
- wears compression stockings;
- normalization of the body's water balance;
- daily contrast shower;
- wears orthopedic shoes and comfortable clothing.
Doctors recommend sleeping on your left side to relieve the digestive organs and uterus. Hot baths with a tendency to develop varicose veins are prohibited not only for pregnant women, but also for ordinary people. Hot water vessels stretch a lot. Doctors recommend that women start their day with light exercise. It has a toning effect on the body and restores the elasticity of the vessels.