Signs and treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a fairly common condition affecting around a third of the population. Varicose veins of the lower extremities can cause severe discomfort and a deterioration in quality of life, as well as serious complications.

Neither men nor women are immune to vein problems, and recently this disease has been found even in young people.

Varicose veins develop gradually. In order to determine in time whether there are varicose veins on the legs, it is necessary to know the main signs. In the early stages, varicose veins may not have clear visual manifestations. The first signs of varicose veins in the legs are frequent feelings of tiredness, cramps and swelling at the end of the day.

The disease progresses gradually and affects all new areas of the veins. It can lead to complications such as thrombosis and trophic ulcers.

Blood clots are particularly dangerous because they break off the vessel wall and reach the heart or blood vessels of the brain and cause death.

To deal with the phenomenon of varicose veins, the symptoms and treatment of which are described below, an integrated approach is required.


Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a chronic condition and develop gradually. At the same time, it is very important to know how to determine the disease at its early stages, when it is possible to cure varicose veins on the legs without significant financial costs and affect the patient's quality of life.

Everything begins with a barely perceptible spider web of veins in the lower leg area, small spider veins, the manifestation of which is accompanied by swelling of the legs and night cramps.

Feelings of heaviness in the lower extremities are not uncommon. The patient complains of fatigue at the end of the day. After a good rest, the symptoms of varicose veins may subside for a while, but they will reappear after physical exertion.

So let's list the main symptoms associated with diagnosing varicose veins in the legs:

  • Legs often get tired.
  • Swelling of the lower extremities is observed in the evening.
  • Feels heaviness and aching pain in the legs.

Symptoms can vary depending on the stage of the varicose veins of the lower extremities. Its manifestations become more and more evident over time: spider veins and nets are becoming more and more noticeable on the shin.

Over time, the veins in the legs protrude more and more, seals appear on the skin and signal a blockage in the veins. As the disease develops, new symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities appear: pain and burning in problem areas, night cramps in the lower extremities do not allow sleep.

Consequences and diagnosis

Methods of diagnosing varicose veins

If you experience these symptoms of varicose veins, you should see a phlebologist immediately. Modern diagnostic methods make it possible not only to determine the stage of the disease, but also to determine the likelihood of blood clots.

The most popular diagnostic method today is the scanning of duplex veins. With its help, the specialist determines the degree of vasodilation of the legs, their patency, and also examines the varicose veins for the presence of blood clots, which can lead to blood clots.

Based on the results obtained, the doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment to eliminate the symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities. The most effective is the complex treatment of varicose veins. Therefore, in addition to taking medication, the patient must lead an active lifestyle, give up bad habits and eat right.


If the disease is detected in a timely manner, the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be very effective. A phlebologist will correctly prescribe treatment after a varicose vein disease is diagnosed.

The choice of drugs and procedures depends on the stage of the disease. In the arsenal of traditional medicine there are a number of tools that will help relieve acute manifestations of varicose veins and avoid dangerous complications.

To treat varicose veins on the legs, use:

  1. Means for external use: ointments, creams and gels.
  2. preparations for oral administration.
  3. Herbal preparations, compresses and foot baths.
  4. compression underwear.
  5. Contrast showers.

Means for external use

External means help cope with the first signs of varicose veins: gels and ointments.

  • Heparin-based ointmentsrelieve swelling, improve microcirculation in the blood and prevent blood clots. To achieve a positive effect, the ointment must be applied to the venous network three times a day for 14 days. In the case of skin damage, allergic reactions or open wounds, the use of the ointment is excluded.
  • Ointments based on natural substances.Contains herbal ingredients such as horse chestnut, melilum and butcher. Their use can relieve pain and fatigue in the legs, strengthen vascular networks.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs.For the elimination of thrombosis and thrombophlebitis.

Preparations for external treatment of varicose veins can significantly alleviate the patient's condition.


In the complex treatment of varicose veins, drug treatment plays an important role. Tablets and capsules improve venous tone, reduce inflammation, and increase blood circulation.

Depending on the intended use of drugs, they can be divided into several groups.

  1. Phlebotonics- strengthens the vascular walls, improves blood circulation. Effective for edema and burning sensation in the area of ​​the varicose veins. Phlebotonics take 2 tablets a day.
  2. Blood-thinning drugs- improve blood circulation, fight blood clots. Medicines in this group should only be used on the recommendation of a doctor.
  3. Anti-inflammatory drugs- Get rid of signs of varicose veins on the legs such as pain and swelling of the tissues, and prevent platelets from sticking together.

It is important to remember that any medicine must be prescribed by the attending physician and taken under strict supervision.

Modern methods

If the disease is not very advanced, varicose veins of the lower extremities can be treated with laser radiation, which closes the damaged vein from the inside. The blood no longer gets to the affected area, and connective tissue soon appears in its place, which over time dissolves. Since the laser radiation is directed, it does not damage the surrounding tissue.

Sclerotherapy also helps to get rid of the signs of the disease in the early stages. In this case, the doctor injects a special composition into the damaged veins with a syringe, which sticks the vessel from the inside and disappears before our eyes!


For serious complications such as trophic changes in the skin and extensive varicose veins, the doctor may prescribe surgical treatment.

The operation to remove the affected veins takes several hours and the patient must wear compression underwear for an additional month.

Water therapy

Doctors often recommend people with venous insufficiency to treat varicose veins in the legs with a contrast shower.

Veins respond to temperature changes by contracting and expanding, making them more elastic. Therefore, it is very useful for vessels if the water temperature changes alternately from warm to cold.

Hydrotherapy is most effective in the early stages of varicose veins.

Compression clothing

Compression garments for the treatment of varicose veins

Most often, varicose veins appear on the legs in fair sex. This is due to the fact that one of the most common causes of the disease is hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy or menopause.

Therefore, women are advised to wear compression clothing first. These can be stockings or tights that squeeze the legs together when necessary to improve blood flow to the limbs. Depending on the stage of development of the disease, the pressure parameters on soft tissues can be different.

Compression garments are particularly useful on long journeys and during air travel when the legs are exposed to prolonged static loads.

Pregnant women especially need compression stockings. In addition, scientists have developed special models of compression underwear for men. The compression garment is put on in the morning and removed in the evening before going to bed.

Folk Remedies

Folk methods of treating varicose veins such as compresses, herbal teas, and foot baths are very effective.

Doctors recommend treating varicose veins in the early stages of the disease with herbs or using herbal medicine for prevention. Traditional medicine will help avoid complications if you combine general and local uses of herbs.

The herbal treatment is suitable for almost everyone, with the exception of individual intolerance, has practically no side effects. In addition, herbal cookings contain a whole range of vitamins and nutrients that contribute to the health of the body.

For general treatment, charges are used that have anti-inflammatory, diuretic and anticoagulant properties. Birch leaves, dandelion roots, sweet clover, oregano, willow bark, juniper fruits, cranberry and strawberry leaves are well suited for these purposes.

In the local treatment, products are used that have an astringent, enveloping and reparative effect. Compresses made of blue clay and honey will help get rid of symptoms. Applying cabbage leaves relieves leg pain with varicose veins. For the same reason, the affected areas are rubbed with apple cider vinegar.

Green tomatoes are a popular folk remedy. They should be cut in circles and applied to the sore area, then tie a bandage around the leg. After two hours of compress this must be replaced with a new one. This process should be repeated every day.

Treatment of varicose veins with folk remedies

Unripe walnuts are also effective on varicose veins if they are crushed and poured with olive oil. Put in a glass bowl, the mixture should be infused for forty days. Then the tincture is applied to the affected area.

Even complex and comprehensive treatment for varicose veins is ineffective if the patient does not follow the doctor's recommendations. At the same time, following a few simple rules will help prevent the progression of the disease and improve the condition of the legs.


Effective treatment for varicose veins in the legs requires an integrated approach. Both genetic predisposition and inappropriate lifestyle and bad habits can lead to weakening of the vein walls and the appearance of a disease. Therefore, often a person himself contributes to the occurrence of this problem.

If varicose veins in the initial stage cause only temporary discomfort and cosmetic defects, it is fraught with all sorts of complications that are already a serious danger.

If your loved ones have symptoms that are characteristic of the disease, it is best to take action at the prevention stage. This will help to slow down the process of developing varicose veins of the legs as much as possible, or even prevent their occurrence.

And varicose veins and treatment also require compliance with all contraindications. People diagnosed with the initial stages of the disease should completely rethink their lifestyle and get rid of bad habits.