The initial stage of varicose veins: photos, symptoms and treatment

Causes of Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are abnormal enlargements of the leg veins, which according to statistics affect 50-55% of women and 40-45% of men over 40 years of age. As the disease progresses, in addition to a cosmetic defect, the disease leads to significant physical discomfort: pain, swelling, and even trophic ulcers. It is much more convenient and correct to start treating the first symptoms of varicose veins. Think about how the initial stage of varicose veins is manifested and how to prevent the progression of the first signs of the disease.

Minimal manifestations at the beginning

The first signs and symptoms of varicose veins on the legs are minimal. The disease progresses slowly, so due to poor awareness of the consequences, people do not pay attention to ailments or do not start treatment due to a banal lack of time. Patients whose lifestyle and working conditions are closely related to prolonged stay in an upright position should be aware of the first symptoms of varicose veins. Appropriate treatment can easily stop the pathological varicose veins in the legs in the early stages of the disease. Initial character:

  1. A common visual symptom of first-degree varicose veins is a thin network of veins on the legs. A photo of such a "web" is easy to find on the Internet. Many do not know that such manifestations are the first signs of a disease that already needs treatment. The disease can manifest itself with visually enlarged larger veins that rise above the surface of the skin in the form of tubercles. There are numerous photos on the Internet to compare your symptoms with the reference photos.
  2. Sensation of heaviness or weakness in the legs after long periods of standing or sitting. Later signs of pain, burning of varying intensity come on. At this stage of the varicose veins, relief is achieved by placing the limbs in a horizontal or elevated position.
  3. Swelling of the feet and legs, especially towards evening. Pies arise due to a violation of the outflow of blood from the limbs. During the night or after a long break in a horizontal position, the first signs of edema disappear.
  4. In the early stages of varicose veins, patients complain of cramps in the calf muscles. These uncomfortable symptoms are particularly common at night. The first reason is a violation of blood circulation and nutrition of the muscles of the lower extremities.
Symptoms of varicose veins

All of the symptoms described indicate the initial degree of peripheral circulatory disorders in the legs. We owe the occurrence of such a clinical picture to the incompetent valves of the superficial and deep veins in the legs. In such situations, blood flows from the legs through routes not provided by nature, which leads to the expansion of the venous vessels. Photos of the lower extremity vasculature can be found in any anatomical atlas.

Cramps in the calf muscles indicate an advanced stage of varicose veins.

Varicose veins in the early stages should alert potential patients to vascular surgeons. With the above symptoms and a more or less endangered risk, it is better not to postpone the visit to the doctor and the treatment. Risk factors for developing varicose veins:

  • Older age. With age, the elasticity of the vascular wall decreases, which leads to a pathological expansion of the veins in the legs.
  • Hereditary disposition. The weakness of the valve apparatus of the veins in the legs is inherited. The presence of varicose veins in parents or other close relatives increases the likelihood of developing this pathology until old age.
  • Hormonal changes in the body. We're talking about puberty, menopause, and pregnancy. Taking oral contraceptives can also contribute to the initial manifestation of varicose veins.
  • Pregnancy is identified as an independent risk factor. Many women learn firsthand what a vein network looks like on their legs during or after pregnancy. The enlarged uterus compresses large collectors, obstructs the outflow of blood from the lower extremities and provokes the initial stages of varicose veins. With each subsequent pregnancy, women prefer longer skirts to hide the disease.
  • provoking factors for the development of varicose veins
  • Obesity also provokes the first signs of varicose veins.

If you have any doubts as to whether you really encountered varicose veins in the early stages and the question of what the web looks like on your legs is being followed, do a photo search on the internet. This will help you be more confident when you really need professional medical help.

Possible complications

Many patients prefer not to pay attention to the obvious clinical manifestations of the initial stage of varicose veins. They think that there is no cure in these early stages of the disease. Varicose veins in the legs are easiest to treat in the early stages. Professional help can stop further varicose veins and the first unpleasant complications that follow.

The pathology tends to progress slowly, but sometimes premature treatment can provoke the development of unpleasant complications:

  1. Formation of skin ulcers - trophic ulcers - due to constant stagnation of venous blood. Ulcers tend to grow, enlarge, and become infected
  2. Thrombophlebitis - inflammation of thrombosed veins. Manifested by severe pain, reddening of the skin and swelling
  3. Deep vein thrombosis - symptoms of pain and swelling do not cause any significant discomfort in patients. The danger lies in the likelihood that a thrombus will break off and enter the pulmonary vessels, which is a life-threatening disease.

Timely treatment with a low degree of varicose veins will help avoid the complications mentioned above. Women who have received proper professional help will not hesitate to take a picture in a skirt because of the ugly veins on their legs.

How to beat a disease

It is possible and necessary to combat varicose veins in their early stages. Treatment and prevention at the first signs of the disease depends entirely on the patient's awareness, since all measures for the prevention of pathology at home must be carried out independently. The following is recommended:

  • Give your legs an elevated horizontal position more often. This, to one degree or another, encourages the outflow of stagnant blood from the lower extremities.
  • With one voice, all doctors recommend treating varicose veins with compression stockings. In the photo on the Internet, men and women can themselves choose the first medical socks, stockings or tights that are suitable in color and density. Treatment is to prevent stagnation that causes vasodilation. Knitwear can be compressed to different degrees depending on the stage of the varicose veins.
  • A healthy diet and regular exercise are beneficial. Obesity of 2 or 3 degrees almost certainly leads to an expansion of the venous bed in the lower extremities. You can find photos of suitable exercises in the specialist literature or ask your doctor.
  • Herbal venotonic drugs are often included in the treatment of the early stages of varicose veins. Such drugs increase the tone of the vascular wall and optimize peripheral circulation.

It is possible and necessary to treat the initial stages of varicose veins. Regular conservative treatment will help avoid or postpone performing surgical interventions. Even minimally invasive procedures like sclerotherapy and laser coagulation have their own risks and lead to temporary disabilities.

Compression clothing and venotonics interrupt the pathological process and reduce visual symptoms and signs. Women can no longer hesitate to take beautiful photos on the beach.