Treatment of varicose veins in the legs

Causes of varicose veins on the legs

Many of us know varicose veins firsthand. This disease affects about 20% of the population, and doctors state that the pathology has a "woman's face". Therefore, treating varicose veins in the legs is especially important for the fair sex.

Pain and heaviness in the legs, spider veins and protruding veins - these are just some of the unpleasant symptoms that are characteristic of varicose veins. The woman hides cosmetic defects and has to wear pants or long skirts. And then the most pressing question becomes how to defeat the disease and what modern methods of treating varicose veins exist.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are a kind of payment for humanity for an upright posture. The disease is characterized by impaired blood flow to the lower extremities, accompanied by failure of the venous valves, loss of elasticity and expansion of the superficial veins.

Stagnation of the blood leads to edema and disorders of the normal nutrition of the leg tissue, the vein walls expand and form spider veins and lumps that protrude under the skin. There is a feeling of heaviness, the legs become "leaded" and the skin becomes bluish.

Phlebologists deal with the treatment of pathology. They find that around 15% of men and up to 25% of women are affected by the disease. The risk group usually includes overweight people and people whose job involves prolonged stress on the lower extremities. Unfortunately, these are not the only causes of the disease. Let's consider in more detail what else can provoke the development of varicose veins.

Causes of varicose veins in the legs

  1. inheritance.If any of the family members have varicose veins, then there is a high chance that all close relatives will face this pathology.
  2. gender.According to statistics, women are several times more likely to suffer from varicose veins than men.
  3. Symptoms of varicose veins
  4. Pregnancy and childbirth.Every second woman shows signs of this disease during pregnancy. Hormonal changes that occur in a woman during this period significantly reduce the tone of the veins, and during childbirth the veins are under significant stress, which often leads to their expansion.
  5. Unfavorable work factors.The development of varicose veins is often associated with work that involves lifting weights or standing for long periods. Professions such as salespeople, waiters and hairdressers are at risk. The onset of the disease can also be relieved by sedentary sedentary work or, on the contrary, hard physical work and excessive exercise in the gym.
  6. lifestyle.Smoking, obesity and an insufficiently active lifestyle are often the provoking factors for the development of the disease. The pathology can also be caused by constantly wearing high-heeled shoes for a long period of time.
  7. Treatment with hormones.The risk group includes women who take hormonal medication (progestins and estrogens).

If any of these factors are present in your life, it is necessary to closely monitor your health and seek advice and treatment from a phlebologist if you have any unpleasant symptoms.

Symptoms of varicose veins

  • Quick tiredness when walking;
  • feeling of heaviness in the legs;
  • The appearance of aching pains in the legs;
  • The appearance of burning, tingling, throbbing and cramps in the legs.

Varicose veins in the legs in the initial stage manifest themselves as a cosmetic defect (spider veins), in advanced cases venous nodes swell under the skin, bumps form, skin defects appear (reddening, darkening) up to the formation of trophic ulcers.

Disease diagnostics

Diagnostic options for varicose veins

An exact diagnosis can be made by a phlebologist or vascular surgeon. When examining a patient, special attention is paid to the external examination. Edema is recorded, the nature of the pain is clarified, tests are carried out to assess the functional state of deep and superficial veins.

A Doppler ultrasound scan is done to help the doctor see the structure of the veins and identify vein thrombi. The treatment method is selected depending on the research results.

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs with folk remedies

When treating varicose veins with folk remedies, the focus is on strengthening the tone of the venous vessels and relieving inflammation.

Chestnut blossom treatment

This folk remedy is considered one of the best. Chestnut blossom tinctures soothe inflammation and have a firming effect. The tincture is made as follows: take 50 g of chestnut flowers per 500 ml of vodka. The mixture is infused for 10-12 days, and then the tincture is used for grinding. You can take it orally, one tablespoon three times a day.

Elecampane and dandelion ointment

50 g of shredded roots of these plants are poured with water and evaporated in a water bath until a thick consistency is obtained. Then the resulting thick liquid is mixed with internal fat and rubbed with an ointment affected by varicose veins.

Herbal preparations

Herbal preparations with raspberry, meadowsweet and willow leaves are used to thin the blood and improve its ability to flow. They can be brewed like tea and drunk 1/3 cup several times a day.

Methods of treating varicose veins

Today there are two generally accepted methods of treating the disease: conservative (compression and drug therapy) and surgical. Let's take a look at each of these methods.

Treatment of varicose veins in the legs with a conservative method

conservative methods of treating varicose veins

As the most effective conservative method for treating varicose veins, doctors should wear special elastic compression stockings (tights, stockings, golf). Compression underwear ensures an even distribution of pressure on the lower extremities, normalizes blood flow and improves drainage, which supports weakened blood vessels.

This will reduce the stress on the veins and the risk of thrombosis, and will slow the progression of the disease. Compression underwear is divided into therapeutic and prophylactic. A doctor will help you choose, taking into account the stage of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient.

Drug therapy can reduce the manifestations of the disease:

  • edema,
  • pain,
  • convulsions.

Unfortunately, drugs cannot completely stop the disease and are only used as part of complex therapy concurrently with surgical treatment.

Surgical method

The most radical method is considered to be a traditional surgery that involves making a soft tissue incision and removing the damaged vein. This technique involves the mandatory use of anesthesia. After the operation, the patient stays in the hospital for 10 to 14 days and then has to wear elastic bandages for 2-3 months.

Modern methods of treating varicose veins do not require a long hospital stay. Invasive and less traumatic surgical treatment methods allow you to treat varicose veins even under local anesthesia without anesthesia. The method of surgical treatment for each patient is selected individually.

Methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins
  1. Sclerotherapy.An effective and traumatic procedure in which a sclerosing solution is injected into a vein to seal the damaged vessel. The enlarged vein disappears completely. It is used to treat small and medium diameter veins. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and has good therapeutic and cosmetic effects.
  2. Phlebectomy.The aim of the operation is to normalize blood flow in the deep veins. Small incisions are made in the skin under local anesthesia and the damaged veins are removed. After removal, small scars are formed that are almost invisible.
  3. Endoscopic removal of varicose veins.The method is used in difficult cases where the skin is damaged in the form of trophic ulcers. A special microscopic video camera is inserted into the vessel, which sees the damaged vessel from the inside. The vein is extracted through the same chamber.

Laser treatment of varicose veins in the legs

Laser surgery is the most modern, painless and effective method with a minimum of side effects. Let's take a closer look at it.

Laser radiation is used to remove the network of veins and varicose veins of any diameter. A special miniature device is inserted into the wall of the damaged vein through a small puncture - a light guide through which a local anesthetic is delivered that numbs the procedure. Then a laser beam is guided through the light guide under ultrasound control.

how to treat varicose veins

During the procedure, a laser beam irradiates the inner surface of the damaged vessel, the walls of which slowly discolor and stick together until they completely disappear.

The main advantage of the method is that soft tissues and vascular walls remain intact, are not damaged or cut. With a laser, you can painlessly remove damaged veins and even heal trophic ulcers of the leg. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Just three weeks after the operation, no trace remains on the skin. In terms of its cosmetic and therapeutic results, the laser method is clearly superior to all known methods of treating varicose veins on the legs and can be used in most cases.

Laser treatment price

The prices for the procedure depend on various factors and can vary significantly in different cities.

Reviews for the treatment of laser varicose veins

Reviews of patients who have undergone the procedure speak for themselves:

Check # 1

The dilated veins bothered me for many years, but I couldn't make up my mind about surgery. I recently learned that the problem can be solved with a laser, and the procedure is called EVLK. I consulted the vascular center. The doctors examined me, consulted me, and performed an ultrasound. Of course, I was very worried and afraid on the day of the operation. It turned out that not everything was scary at all. The operation lasted 40 minutes, there was no pain, only an uncomfortable tingling sensation was felt.

I was reassured and encouraged by two surgeons and a nurse throughout the operation. Everything went well. After the operation, bandages and plasters caused some discomfort, but they were soon removed. A month has passed and I have already forgotten that I once suffered so much with my leg, now everything is fine with me.

Check # 2

I am very satisfied with the EVLK process. No pain, cuts, blood or scars. She recovered fairly quickly after the operation, no trace of it left. Now I'm running, I've forgotten the pain and the heaviness, the blue venous nodes and inflamed areas of the skin have disappeared. I can recommend this procedure to everyone!