How and how are varicose veins in the legs treated?

Symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins or varicose veins are an enlargement of one or more superficial veins, which is accompanied by an impairment of the blood flow in them and an almost complete dysfunction of the venous valves. With this pathology, the shape and elasticity of the veins change significantly.

Most often, varicose veins are observed on the lower extremities. In addition, the modified and hypertrophied vessels in the form of multiple nodules can easily be detected with the naked eye during the examination. The speed of blood flow in such veins is significantly slowed, which often leads to the appearance of blood clots in them. And with inadequate nutrition of the skin, even a trophic ulcer can appear on them.

So it becomes clear that it is extremely dangerous to leave this disease alone. Then how do you treat varicose veins in the legs? This is exactly what is discussed in today's article. But first you need to understand the causes and symptoms of the disease.

Causes of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins are usually associated with a decrease in the elasticity of the vein walls and (or) valves that no longer perform their functions, as a result of which blood stagnation forms. The development of this disease can also be triggered by pregnancy, obesity, prolonged standing, wearing tight stockings, as well as congenital connective tissue defects.

Symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The main symptom of varicose veins is the appearance of nodular swellings and protrusions along the veins on the lower extremities. In addition, the patient may experience severe pain and heaviness in the legs. Sometimes this is accompanied by a burning sensation along the veins.

Methods of treating varicose veins in the legs

In severe cases, leg cramps can be diagnosed, and in the late afternoon - their swelling. After a few days, the skin on the lower leg may darken and thicken.

In severe cases of the disease, ulcers may appear on the skin and the walls of the affected venous vessels themselves become inflamed and spontaneously clogged with blood clots. Ultimately, this leads to the development of such formidable diseases as thrombosis or thrombophlebitis.

When should I see a doctor immediately?

You should try to see a doctor as soon as possible if the following is added to the common symptoms of varicose veins:

  • Increased pain so much that the person can no longer walk at all. In this case, the skin of the legs is usually very hot and feels dense;
  • Sudden shortness of breath, weakness and shortness of breath;
  • Bleeding of any intensity from damaged venous vessels.

Diagnosis

Whenever possible, if you notice the first symptoms of the disease, you should contact a vascular surgeon. If this is not possible for one reason or another, you need to speak to your attending physician-therapist so that he can make a referral to the medical facility where the vascular disease specialist (phlebologist) is treated.

At the reception, in addition to the general examination and special tests, this specialist usually prescribes the following diagnostic examinations:

  • Duplex vein scanning or vein ultrasound;
  • contrast venography.

How are varicose veins treated?

The treatment of varicose veins always includes complex therapy with conservative and surgical methods.

Conservative treatment

how to treat varicose veins in the legs

Fighting varicose veins without surgery is only possible in the early stages of the disease's development, when there are no pronounced symptoms and there is no reason to worry about the possible occurrence of complications. This technique includes:

  • diet;
  • A special set of exercises;
  • compression and drug treatment.

Diet

Very often people with a high body mass index suffer from varicose veins. Therefore, to combat this disease, one should stick to a diet that can help a person lose extra pounds without particular psycho-emotional stress. As a rule, to do this, it is simply necessary to avoid all kinds of sweets and foods that contain a large amount of vegetable fiber.

Physical fitness

The next point to watch out for is a person's physical fitness. To get rid of the symptoms of varicose veins, or at least slow their progression, you should gradually increase your physical fitness. Perfect for this: morning and evening walks, swimming and a number of special exercises that should be performed under the guidance of a movement therapy specialist.

I would like to immediately point out that with this disease it is not recommended to visit the bathhouse and steam room, take a hot bath and raise your feet. All of these procedures strengthen blood flow to the lower extremities, where stagnation is already observed.

Compression therapy

You can treat varicose veins with elastic bandages and special knitwear (knee socks, stockings and tights). They should be worn all day and only removed before going to bed.

The use of these products significantly increases the tone of the veins, and also helps improve blood circulation in the legs. Often times, long-term wearing of elastic bandages allows patients to completely get rid of, or at least weaken, the severity of the symptoms of varicose veins, as well as significantly slowing down the progression of the disease.

drug therapy

How do you treat leg veins with medication? In the pharmacotherapy of varicose veins, not only tablets, but also local preparations (gels, ointments, creams) are used to eliminate the symptoms of the disease and avoid complications.

Do not forget that pharmacological preparations can only be used with a doctor's prescription, otherwise there is a certain risk of aggravating the course of this disease.

The main groups of drugs used to treat varicose veins in the legs:

  • Venotonics, or drugs that increase venous tone and improve venous outflow;
  • medicines that help thin the blood and prevent blood clots;
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs.

Surgical treatment of varicose veins

Surgical intervention is the most radical method when all other fighting methods have been ineffective.

During the operation, pathologically changed veins are removed through small incisions in the skin. In the postoperative phase, the patients are carefully bandaged and can take their first steps after a few hours.

There are also many alternative treatments for this condition. However, not all of them are completely safe as they have not yet passed clinical trials.

Prevention

Preventing a disease is always easier than curing it later. Therefore, it is better to start varicose vein prevention at a young age. All you have to do is follow the guidelines below:

  • It is necessary to pay as much attention as possible to sports (swimming, walking, running).
  • When you get up, take a break every 2 hours where you can walk on your heels and then on your toes.
  • After vigorous physical activity or a day at work, it is recommended to take a cool shower.
  • In late pregnancy, pregnant women should wear special knitted stockings.