In practice, there are 2. basic classification of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Classification of stages of disease:
The visual Manifestation of the dilation of the arteries of the lower extremities;
Symptomatic manifestations of the disease in the Form of oedema, loss of sensitivity, tingling;
Symptoms of the disease in the acute Form in the Form of itching on the skin, the appearance of subcutaneous stitches (fiber). Perhaps the occurrence of eczema and various Dermatitis.
The classification of the forms of the disease:
- the primary lesion of the arteries of the legs;
- local artery disease with pathological manifestations of the changes of the vascular walls;
- enhanced proliferation of superficial lesions of the arteries;
- advanced, global defeat of the deep arteries.
Varicose veins of the legs – what is it?
Varicose veins - that is varicose veins of the abbreviated name of the disease, the abnormal enlargement of the blood vessels of the lower extremities (legs), a chronic Form of the current, and seen, for both women and men.
This disease is in most cases surgically treated with the aid of the carrying out of surgical operations.
This type of treatment has many complications, including post-operative Rehabilitation and scar.
In General, there are several causes of the thinning of the vein wall. A large part of the scientists agree that the enlargement of the superficial veins of the lower extremities is more likely hereditary.
The main reason for flaps is the weakness of the vessel wall and the malfunction of the veins.
The main causes of the disease: genetic predisposition, the weakness is a congenital connective tissue diseases, pregnancy and childbirth in women, the intake of hormonal preparations, the occupational Stress (work, connected with a long Position in the standing or sitting), obesity, and age.
The most important risk groups: all people whose work is associated with long vertical upward or lack of exercise. Unfortunately, in this category the majority of the city's residents of almost fall.
The diagnosis can be performed by a professional phlebologist and is the careful examination of the venous system of the lower extremities. Binding methods of investigation are: ultrasonic-doppler, Duplex angiography with color mapping and transillûminaciâ superficial veins.
The data obtained allow a correct diagnosis, assess the degree of lesion venous System, the condition of the apparatus, and select the optimal method of treatment of the disease.
Symptoms and signs of varicose veins of the legs
The main features of the dilated veins is:
- the puffiness of the lower gliedmaen;
- Increase in the blood vessels, the curvature of its topography;
- trophic changes of the venous system, in consequence, lead to trophic ulcers.
Today, the enlargement of the arteries of the lower extremity is the most common disease. So in the developed countries, the incidence of lesions of the population of this disease up to 25%. But the most dangerous complication of this disease is caused by: bleeding, Thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, eczema, wounds and the most serious complication that can lead to death - pulmonary embolism.
The most common extension of the arteries in women occurs during pregnancy. In such a stressful Situation, the body of a woman by two serious effects on the venous system of the lower extremities is running. First of all, the Uterus and the fetus, the superficial arteries to compress, which impedes mechanically the venous return and, secondly, the change in the hormone levels leads to a weakening of the vein wall. Only the timely prevention of this disease, especially during pregnancy, can prevent or reduce the likelihood of this disease.
Among the harmful factors, the ulcers of the emergence and development of the venous insufficiency is not because this disease can disability cause due to the development of trophic appreciate. And thrombosis, bleeding, eczema can also result in the loss of work for a long time
Varicose veins affect mainly the arteries in the subcutaneous tissue and on the legs, two large conglomerates of the arteries - veins are the great and the small, subcutaneous, with tributaries. Data the vessels connect by perforating veins with a deep artery. It is for the System venous thrombosis and the main outflow of venous blood from the lower extremities.
Treatment of varicose veins in the lower extremities
Therapy of enlarged arteries can be divided into two main parts;
- the treatment of the actual disease itself;
- Elimination of complications of this disease.
The first Phase of the disease (reticular Form of the disease).
Symptoms the main symptoms of the pathology of the arteries:
- Feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- Welded beauty wool;
In this Form of the disease, the Transformation only applies to the tributaries trunk subcutaneous arteries. The main valves are stored, and no Express violation of the blood flow.
In this case, compression well scleroobliteration (sclerotherapy) applies.
The methodology of the treatment consists in the introduction of specific drugs into the Lumen of the amended Vienna, with the aim of its annihilation ("Bonding") and the subsequent absorption. Therapy without the need for hospitalization is performed pain-free and without cuts. At correctly spent treatment the affected vessels are removed completely, with a remarkable cosmetic effect. Prerequisite scleroobliteration wearing kompressionnogo of the jerseys must be asked.
With the defeat of the Backbone saphenous veins only scleroobliteration impossible to do it. So, if the artery is not extended more than 2 cm performed endovenous Laser obliteration. In this Form of treatment, the energy of the laser for the "brew group" of the affected veins is. Is performed under local anesthesia and without hospitalization.
If you diseases, a strong diagnosis of the disease, being overweight, accompanying, in such a case, a stationary recording is required. Under General anesthesia a few cuts and the removal of the damaged blood vessels. In the case of the defeat of perforating veins, with trophic disorders carried out dissectione perforating arteries with the help of Video-endoscopic techniques can be.
If complications occur, then symptomatic therapy is carried out. So in case of bleeding, tight bandage superimposed, in the case of Thrombophlebitis anti-inflammatory therapy in thrombosis is assigned, thrombolysis, etc.
Still, the development of complications't wait is necessary to treat and, preferably, Vienna in advance. Only in this way, it is possible to good results of treatment.
The enlargement of the veins is a chronic, progressive disease and requires constant observation of the specialist. Treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities, the competent specialist - phlebologist.
The pathological process of the defeat of the veins can occur at any age, but most commonly at 30-35 years of age. The main symptoms of the disease of the veins is dramatically increasing figure of the veins, venous nodes, night cramps, fatigue in the evening, aching pain, oedema, darkening of the color of the skin of the lower leg.
Unless the necessary therapeutic measures to collect in the legs oxidized substances begins, it comes to the deterioration of the nutrition of the tissue, and then there are defects on the skin, expressed in the Form of dark spots (trophic disorders).
In advanced cases trophic ulcers Drumsticks develops.
At the first signs of the symptoms of the disease, you need to to a specialized medical facility, where the doctor phlebologist examined and prescribe the proper treatment methods.
In any case, not for the treatment of this disorder then, so that chronic provoked its development.
Remember that the warikosnaja disease is a disease that is easily curable in the early stages.
Treatment of varicose veins traditional and folk medicine
In dependence on the output state of the patient, the physician, the procedure intended for the treatment of varicose veins, and in the majority of cases without surgery.
Early treatment is the key to quick and successful elimination of the disease.
- In the early stages of the complex therapeutic treatment with the use of medication for varicose veins is underwear, various medications, salves, and compression.
- On stages, if the disease progresses, with the thing to the pathological transition is the surgical treatment gentle means in combination with drug therapy.
- In the last stages, when the results of varicose veins are manifested in trophic ulcers, used modern methods of treatment with application of unique and innovative products.
Required, at any stage of the disease, must stockings the application of Veno Tonics (drugs that increase venous tone, improve venous and lymphatic flow), as well as compression.
Treatment of varicose veins folk medicine, usually at home. But, so far, no evidence of proven effective natural remedies for the treatment of enlarged veins in the legs.
Only a comprehensive treatment makes it possible to achieve the desired result and while to stop this terrible disease.