Varicose veins on the legs treatment, symptoms

Varicose veins is a chronic disease, in the basis of the genetically-related and genetically-pussy-borne weakness of the vein wall, often of large and small subcutaneous veins of the lower extremities and the venous network.

Varicose veins

Morphologically and functionally, a weak wall leads to an increase in the diameter of the veins by the divergence of the wings of the apparatus and a spring filling of the vessel with blood. As a result of congestion in the tissues below the affected area of Vienna formed.

What are the causes of varicose veins?

The weakened walls of the veins, losing the people over the age of their elasticity. This weakening of the walls of the venous can you expand.

  1. Failure of the valve. If the veins of the people stretched, the valves are damaged in the veins. If the walls of the veins apart, are weakened and stretched, the valves can no longer keep the blood flowing upwards and in the result to stagnate in the veins.
  2. Damage to the veins. Damage can occur due to injury, blood clot or inflammation. If it veins a Problem in the depths, then the Person, usually painful and swollen feet and legs. Swollen veins on the surface can be a sign of damage to the deep veins. The warikosnoje enlargement of the veins on the surface of the legs does not cause, in connection with dangerous blood clots that travel to the heart or in the lungs, obstruction (embolism). Any lump should be in the vicinity of the surface of the body, usually low. This can be a inflammation, blood clots does not threaten seriously the health of the people.

A number of factors promotes the development of varicose veins. These include:

  • genetic predisposition for the development of varicose veins;
  • hormonal factors;
  • overweight;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Circulatory problems – such as the formation of blood clots (thrombosis);
  • Trauma or inflammation of the veins;
  • chronic constipation can contribute to the development of rectal varicose veins (haemorrhoids).

Life style factors also play an important role, and the people, the for a longer period of time of employment "on the legs" standing — are at a greater risk of developing varicose veins. This is, for example, nurses, stewardesses and teachers.

Statistics

The prevalence of varices is extremely broad.

According to different authors, in varying degrees, the Standard of the severity of their symptoms, up to 89% of women and up to 66% of the men from the number of inhabitants of the developed countries have. Large study, performed in 1999 in Edinburgh, showed the presence of varicose veins of the lower extremities in 40 % of women and 32 % men.

Epidemiological study in the year 2004 in Bremen, showed that 67 % of women and 50 % of men have chronic diseases of the veins of the lower extremities. A study from the year 2008 in a different Region of the Russian Federation on the Kamchatka Peninsula, a similar Situation: chronic diseases of the veins of the lower extremities showed more frequently met in women (67,5 %) than men (41,3 %). Increasingly, there are reports on the identification of this pathology with the students.

Varices

Symptoms and photo

In the development of varicose veins in the legs leading symptom of enlargement of the subcutaneous veins, due to which the disease got its name. Varicose veins, usually appear at a young age, in women during or after pregnancy. In the early stages of the disease the few and very non-specific symptoms appear. Patients concerned about a feeling of heaviness and fatigue in the legs, bloating, burning, and sometimes night cramps in the calves.

One of the most common symptoms at disease onset, transient swelling and pain along the veins (often not yet advanced). In the case of varicose veins of the legs, there is a slight swelling of the soft parts, usually in the area of the feet, ankles, and lower legs. This whole syndrome is not so different from Patient to Patient, that is practically the only success of his by the name of syndrome of heavy legs, recognize "" (not to be confused with "Restless Legs syndrome"). Not necessarily the existence of this syndrome predisposes to the subsequent varicose Transformation of veins. But most patients with varicose veins of the lower extremity, noted at the beginning of the disease any of these symptoms. All of these symptoms are usually more pronounced in the evening, after work, or for longer, especially in hot weather.

The disease develops slowly — over the years, and sometimes decades. In the following, the subjective symptoms are regularly occurring in the evening and disappear in the morning swelling. First of all, edema occur in the area of the ankle and the back of the foot, and then apply to the rail leg. The occurrence of edema, we should have more advanced chronic venous insufficiency. Skin color is bluish. If patients do not receive in this Phase, the necessary treatment, in certain parts of Hyper pigmentation of the skin of the lower leg of lipodermatosclerosis effectively and effectively have been created. In advanced cases, ulcers are caused.

The initial stage of varicose veins in the legs

Complications

Very often as a complication of varicose veins, acute Thrombophlebitis of superficial veins is manifested. Sometimes, due to the damage of rupture Varix and bleeding to happen. In the case of the discharge of blood nodes, the burst can be a very significant loss of blood.

  • In addition, it is due to the increase in pressure in the System of the veins there is a slowing of arterial blood flow. For this reason, hypoxia and subsequent lack of oxygen can develop. Due to the development of this condition can die of tissue boxes, that is a dangerous process for the body. Due to the pronounced Stagnation of the blood in the veins toxins collect in the tissues.
  • Complications of this disease is constipation Thrombus vessels, injury to the nutrition of the tissues of the feet, the origin of the pigmentation and tanning of the skin are always. Gradually denser layer of subcutaneous adipose tissue, occur Dermatitis, venous trophic ulcers. In very rare cases, there is a rebirth of such ulcers in the malignancy.

If the disease lasts over a longer period of time, then the Person will later develop chronic venous insufficiency.

Diagnosis

Methods of diagnosis and determination of the stages of the disease:

  1. Phlebotomy, in which the pressure is measured within the veins.
  2. A scan of the veins, the results of which you can determine in what condition the veins are valves and walls.
  3. Venography. This procedure consists of the leadership within the veins with contrast agent, followed by rentgenography.
  4. Ultrasonic flowmetry and Doppler-metric, which makes it possible to identify the speed of blood flow and the assignment of the veins.
  5. In the early stages of the diagnostic test, Perthes, Sheynis, Trojanow and others, the development of varicose veins.appoint
  6. Phleboscintigraphy – examination of the lymph nodes and veins, with the application of radio-nuclides.
  7. Photo-plethysmography examination with the help of photo diodes.
  8. Echo-sclerotherapy – sclerosant injected into the veins, then scan.
  9. Thermography – investigation with the help of IR-radiation.
  10. Computed Tomography Venography.
Started Varices

Immediately all kinds of investigations never to prescribe. In General, varicose veins to diagnose pretty easily already one or two techniques, which determines the physician in accordance with the condition of the patient.

Drug Treatment

Venotonics the walls of the veins can protect, promote venous return, and some improve the micro-circulation. This means the severity of the pain and swelling reduce make-provided, of course, accept. The courses shows twice a year for the duration of at least 2 months.

Remove the pain, feeling of heaviness in the legs, which can help with varicose veins, special gels and ointments. Get rid of varicose veins hardly can help to remove considering the local impact and weak Penetration through the skin, but the symptoms of the disease, and facilitate the condition.

Treatment of varicose veins in house conditions is not only possible, but also necessary. In the early stages of the development of this disease treatments will contribute to the strengthening of the walls of the blood vessels and help prevent further development.

Compression clothing

Also, it is a necessary part of the treatment of varicose veins of underwear is to wear special compression. This underwear should be adjusted individually, depending on the extent of the varices. Doctor-phlebologist on the basis of the diagnosis is recommended, the degree of compression in the choice of underwear.

The degree of compression is different from the stage of the disease and has a different effect. Underwear low usually are varicose veins in the susceptibility to and the prophylactic goals. High compression recommended in case of pronounced varicose veins and has therapeutic effect. It is able to relieve blood vessels the affected areas of the blood, redistributing pressure, and also stimulates blood circulation, prevents venous stasis.

Underwear should be worn on a continuous Basis, especially in the case of increased physical load, longer run time on the legs or, on the contrary, in the case of the sedentary way of life. It is available in the Form of tights, stocking, Golf. The model is taking into account the nature of the arrangement of the varicose veins. Separately line introduced for pregnant women as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent.

Compression clothing

Exercises

In front of the class, a few minutes is required, press and hold the legs in an elevated Position for the preparation of the body to the exercises. The pace and speed of the exercises individually, in accordance with the physical possibilities. In the implementation of the sports teaching, the main thing — the regularity.

In The Prone Position:

  1. Bike. The back and the loin is firmly pressed to the ground, turn the pedals.
  2. Vertical Scissors. The Hand along the body, the crossed legs like a pair of scissors.
  3. We work with the feet. In a supine position, bend, make circular movements in the ankle joint.

Standing as well as sitting at a Desk, you can perform the following exercises. Each exercise repeat 20 times

  1. Ascent ( socks together). Socks parallel, are pressed together. You rise to the socks, freezes in this Position for a few seconds, fall to the ground.
  2. Ascent (socks apart). Heels together, toes apart. You rise to the socks, and then fall to the ground.
  3. Ascension (heels apart). Socks together, heels apart. The movement is the same as in the previous exercises.

Several times a day, it is recommended that the application of alternating showers. The legs massaging alternately with cold and warm jet of water approximately 5 minutes each.

Folk remedies in the treatment of varicose veins

It is important to understand that your application, for the most part, directed to the elimination of the symptoms of complications, especially Thrombophlebitis, and not on the treatment of the underlying disease. The application of these methods in the home should not substitute for drug therapy in the early stages of the development of varicose veins and postoperative treatment in advanced clinical.

  1. Horse Chestnut Tincture. Use the purified from the green Skins of the fruits. First of all, chop, pour vodka in the amount of 10 gr. (two teaspoons of) chestnut to 100ml. Vodka. The beer is brewed within two weeks in a dark place, and about a month 3 times a day 30 drops.
  2. Therapeutic baths for the feet from decoctions of herbs is recommended. These baths should be warm. Good effect gives the application in the morning-bath Infusion of burdock root, birch leaves, nettle. This Infusion is to prepare, take a teaspoon of crushed herb and pour a Liter of boiling water. The Infusion should be stood for a couple of hours. The foot bath takes about 290 minutes. For increase of the Tonus of the blood vessels, the effective use of the same bathroom, the collection of herbs from the Infusion of nettle, chamomile, lemon balm and Oregano.
  3. Leech therapy — the treatment by medical leeches to the diseased veins. Applies only in the case of Thrombophlebitis. The method is dangerous for the accession of secondary infection and the development of bleeding from the node. A good Alternative to a medical use of the analogue of Heparin ointment on the early stages of the disease. For the prevention of thrombosis can be applied, and in the later stages, the prevention of trophic ulcers.
Exercises

How to prevent the development of varicose veins?

Prevention of varicose veins is as follows:

  1. The optimal physical activity in every possible case, without extraordinary fatigue.
  2. The use of compression of the Laundry.
  3. For the preservation of the venous Tonus application useful exchange of showers in the observance of the Hygiene of the feet.
  4. The wearing of compression of the Laundry.
  5. Prevention of constipation due to the normalization of the diet with a high content of foods rich in plant fiber.
  6. Rare shoes with high heels. Heels should not cm more than 5.
  7. The clothing should be loose and not hamper the movements.
  8. On long trips in airplanes or buses to knead "legs up" at regular intervals, to produce the feet in circular motions. In these situations, it is necessary to avoid alcohol and drink plenty of drinking water. Useful on the road to dress in compression stockings.
  9. Recommended during sleep to give the feet due to the elevated position podkladyvanija pillow or lift the edge of the bed.
  10. Useful to Wake up and not immediately from the bed to undermine, and make a couple of exercises for the legs: circular movements for the feet, simulating wheel movements.
  11. In the case of prolonged static loads with a vertical or sitting Position, it is recommended to produce each half-hour of simple exercise: stand in the Last with the heel transferred to rise on the toes 15-20 times. This will start in the course are a kind of "muscle pump", power supply, floor blows hard at the end of blood in the direction of the heart. In these situations, it is useful several times a day in a horizontal Position. In the case of the impossibility, at least for 15-20 minutes back feet to throw in sitting on a chair. In addition to it — a couple of times to duck.

Through the regular implementation of these measures will significantly reduce the risk of occurrence and progression of the disease reduce.